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FACEBOOK/Gardening Classes GARDEN HEALTH CHECKUP VISITS in Delhi Somesh Jha,M.Sc.(Agri.) Plant Pathology, offers Gardening Classes and Agroconsultancy Services. WORK EXPERIENCE in the sector of AGRO,RETAIL and AGRI Business with a total of experience over 12 years. Also, served as a former employee in agribusiness, agro-based and retail companies like Vishal Retail, Reliance Retail, Aadhaar Retailing(Future Group),Godrej Agrovet Ltd., Pragya (NGO) at various managerial levels

Saturday, 25 June 2011

Gardening

"Are u JOKING !!!!!!!!!!!!!! Why should i learn GARDENING !!!!! gardening classes is no way of any use to me....Even a child knows about digging a pit and plant a sapling.........there is no point in LEARNING." You may hear these words often in your friend circle or work place.
         This is very true that all of us know how to plant a sapling,but how many of us really know how to maintain health of those plants which were planted during some intensive plantation drives organised by community groups.How of many of us really know how to take care of house plants,placed in your balcony,terrace or staircase area.You may again say "so what if  they die,i'll buy a new plant".......agreed but how honest one may be when they say "i didn't felt happy to see them grow and i didn't feel sad when the plant which i had bought from a distant garden shop died."
When you have understanding of some basic aspects of gardening,u need not to buy a new plant everytime,u may not require to spend a good amount of your hard earned money on gardening very frequently and that too when some times that spending is not required.PLANT SHAMPOOS,Amino Acids,QUICK ROOT Hormones etc.......... Garden Owners – Are we aware how much we spend in maintaining home garden and for what purposes.May be possible that u have saved that plant of your's and u cannot just imagine the happiness in doing so.



  
Mealy bugs,Aphids and Mosquitoes r truly a menace.Spraying of Pesticides-ORGANIC or 
CHEMICAL with a Knapsack sprayer of 16 liters capacity tank is a wise decision



Hindustan Times n'paper mentioning Somesh Jha 

Hindustan Times article and a national magazine article mentioning Somesh Jha and his work of conducting GARDENING CLASSES in Delhi


 



 

GARDENING CLASSES by Somesh Jha

Pot Gardening in DELHI.....my name and tips on gardening in Dainik Jagran SAKHI magazine,July Issue page 68



GARDENING in whatever form u do......it's always going to be ORNAMENTAL.
my name and tips on gardening in Dainik BHASKAR aha zindagi magazine       


my name and tips on gardening in Dainik Jagran SAKHI magazine.Gardening is not just about having some Potted Foliage Plants,rather its all about realizing nature within ur  living premises







                                                                                                                                         



Offer-1- GARDENING CLASSES in DELHI 
-These CLASSES are held at the Students Home.
Fees Rs./-hour in DELHI for each VISIT

LEARNING
SOIL AND POT PREPARATION
SOWING AND PLANTING
GARDEN MAINTENANCE
Learn about insects and diseases and tips to keep your garden in good health, which plants to sow in which season and from where to buy.

Offer-2- Inspection of Garden for HEALTH CHECKUP
Fees Rs./-hour in DELHI for each VISIT

LEARNING
Plant Pathologist visits your premises and help identify the problems faced by your plants
Get information regarding how to take care of your plants, with proper advice on preventive and curative actions to be taken in future with respect to plant care and growth

   
ALSO OFFERED
1.GARDENING CLASSES for  ECO- CLUBS In Schools, DELHI only.
STUDENTS(max 10 nos/group) -FEE according to One Hour Lecture
2.GARDENING CLASSES for RWAs,NGO  and Clubs
RWA members(max 5 nos/group) -FEE according to One Hour Lecture
3.GARDENING CLASSES for INSTITUTIONS
One DAY SEMINAR(max 30 participicants)-FEE according to 3 Hours LECTURE



GARDEN INSPECTION VISITS @ YOUR HOME 
FARM n ORCHARD HEALTH INSPECTION VISITS
DELHI @ 9910517789; 9650575335
gardeningclasses@gmail.com

GARDENING - do u think that this is just a hobby !!!!!!!!!!! It is much beyond just being ur pastime


 


Feeling STRESSED - Its time to get rid of your STRESSED MIND with a session of Gardening Classes at ur own home ...yes,u'll find yourself relaxed and more concerned towards plants in ur surroundings...........UNBELIEVABLE na !!!!!!!!!!!!  

GARDENING is a kind of STRESS relieving exercise............







BELA,Gulab,JUHI,Champa,CHAMELI

BELA- Jasminum Sambac, GULAB-Rosa sinensis, JUHI -Jasminum auriculatum, CHAMPA-Plumeria sp, CHAMELI-Jasminum grandiflora

PEBBLES and COLORED stones like Glazed pebbles,White Pebbles,Yellow Pebbles, Milky White Quartz Polished Pebbles and Black Tumbled Pebbles e.tc. make our gardens incredibly beautiful,in many of the diverse form of garden you own


 LANDSCAPING ROCKS and BOULDERS -Granite,Quartzite,Slate,Marble,Iron Ore,Rock,Lavarock etc.. make our gardens incredibly beautiful


A proven way to bring out the creative artist hidden in ourselves................anytime is good time to begin GARDENING



KAALI SARSON -Ornamental BLACK Brassica 

DO NOT HAVE UR OWN GARDEN !!!!!!!!!!! Do not worry its a "Blessing in Disguise" as an opportunity to serve your society through COMMUNITY GARDENING.
Join a 2-hour Session of GARDENING CLASSES
Get information regarding how to take care of your plants, with proper advice on preventive and curative actions to be taken in future with respect to plant care and growth.
Start beautifying any sort of GREEN BELT or develop community wasteland in your neighborhood to GET PURE FRESH AIR.


Annuals flowers like Dahlia,Gazania,Pansy,Petunia,Phlox and Primulas are sensitive to sowing dates as flowering is in direct correlation to sunlight intensity and duration.


 


DAHLIA - Do they too require any word of praise.
 



HOME GARDEN- A small home with a big garden is dream of few.
BONSAI ART
INDOOR GARDENING- Plants kept indoors really complete a home decoration.
LANDSCAPING
KITCHEN GARDEN -Go GREEN- Dining first.
MEDICINAL PLANTS HERBAL GARDEN

MEDICINAL PLANTS

MEDICINAL and AROMATIC Products are of significant importance in AYUSH - So,do explore Ayurveda and Yoga,Unani,Siddha and Homeopathy atleast for day to day care of ourselves.
Pimples are known to be a fear factor among many people.Acne is a common skin disease that causes pimples.Packed with inflammation-fighting nutrients and loads of antioxidants(Antioxidants are substances that may protect skin cells from the damage caused by unstable molecules known as free radicals),vegetables like spinach, cucumber, capsicum have a good amount of Vitamin A and C, which helps in reducing acne.Acne is a skin condition that occurs when our hair follicles become plugged with oil and dead skin cells. Acne most commonly appears on our face, neck, chest, back and shoulders. Acne can be distressing and annoyingly persistent. Acne lesions heal slowly, and when one begins to resolve, others seem to crop up.Depending on its severity, acne can cause emotional distress and lead to scarring of the skin.




























Parsley,Capsicum,Tomatoes,Lettuce and Gherkins in a salad, or a hint of Oregano and Thyme with aromatic basil over over mushroom in pasta during breakfast always make our morning happy na !!!!!                                                                                                                                                  

                                                                                                                                         

Iceberg Lettuce,Baby corn,Bell Peppers,Spring Onion,Cilantro and Garlic make submarines(your favourite SUB) amazingly delicious.

BRUSSELS SPROUT - These small TOMATO SIZED CABBAGE er like vegetables r really tasty...SOUPS,Maggi,CHOWMEIN,Green SALAD and many more  



Broccoli is a rich source of Vitamin A,K,C and E. Vitamin A helps in regeneration of skin tissues, while Vitamin K, C and E have antioxidant qualities that keep the skin healthy and prevent acne.


Pizza,Italian rolls,Baked Pasta,Macaroni,Sandwich........what wd u like to enjoy these EXOTIC VEGGIES with..............try POT GARDENING in ur BALCONY.Fitness mantra for good health since ages.......... eat green vegetables and go gardening !!!!!!!



CHERRY TOMATO - Pizza and Exotic Salads are incomplete without this na !!!!!!!!!



Cherry Tomato plant can be raised in normal garden pots too.


Lycopene, a red pigment found in tomatoes is a promising antioxidant.Lycopeene is also believed to play role in prevention Benign Prostate Hyperplasia (BPH), a noncancerous condition related to ageing in men whereby the prostate gland swells and reduces the urine flow......so, include more of tomatoes in your food and be in better health.


During first week of Nov.2013 the retail prices of tomato-TAMATAR Normal Size reached up to Rs.100/- for 1.5 kg quantity,whereas retail price of Tomato in Delhi markets during mid May is normally around Rs.30/- for 1.5 kg.



Pusa Sheetal,Pusa Ruby and Pusa Hybrid 2 are some good varieties of tomato.



TOMATO diseases can be managed by treating them with right pesticide-ORGANC or CHEMICAL at right time

































Science says seeing is believing.....Gerbera (Barberton Daisy)-flower is nothing but beauty.




























ROSE is the other botanical royalty of Valentine’s Day. U too have booked Roses and Cut Flowers for ur Valentine na !!!!!!!! During Victorian times, flowers were given special meanings and small bouquets would be given to friends and lovers in lieu of notes or letters.No other flower inspires more sentiment than the rose. A symbol of love, beauty and peace.
In Banjaran variety the colour is a blend of gold and flame red. The red softens to flame pink in later stages whereas,the colour of Ganga variety varies from pale yellow to gold




Spiritualism says feeling is believing..........the aroma of Gulab-ROSE can only be felt.Rose is a popular cut flower.Yellow Rose - peela gulab Pusa Pitamber variety has  attractive golden yellow coloured flowers with sweet fragrance. Produces very big bushes. Very good for gardens and exhibition purpose. Tolerant to powdery mildew and black spot.It may produce 30-40 flowers/plant in season










Gardening can be experienced through seeing and feeling the beauty of PANSY/Monkey Flower can be enjoyed more when u grow with your own hands.Therefore,gardening is a hobby for some and passion for others



Gardening adds happiness to our hectic competitive life.EXPERIENCE it to BELIEVE it



 





Kids are simply crazy about Gardening.They wont stop even when u say "Do NOT touch the SOIL your clothes will get DIRTY". But above statements used during parenting are signs of concern for future.
Therefore the time has now come that every Indian,whether in Urban or Rural areas should make attempts by spending sometime with children particularly in the age group of 3 yrs to 10 years and teach them about nature.


KIDS and GREEN REVOLUTION
India has witnessed a Green Revolution but the present generation is very much aware that there are far better career options than to work in the field of Agriculture.Above statements used in parenting are signs of concern for future.Therefore the time has now come that every  Indian,whether in Urban or Rural areas should make attempts by spending sometime with children particularly in the age group of 3 yrs to 10 years and teach them about nature.

Just let kids play around pots in your balcony,kitchen garden,home garden or terrace garden.

Make them familiar about basic aspects of nature.
1.SOIL has various meanings in our day to day life. 

1.A builder says this is dead material fulfilling his construction inputs. 

2.A gardener says this provides nutrients to my plants. 

3.A philosopher says soil is just another world- comprising all entities living and non-living.





Therefore,whether soil is living thing or non-living thing,let's ask ourselves.
So,let's come closer to soil,be close to nature and we can find ourselves NATURAL.






 


KIDS GARDENING





KIDS r ready for Vacation HOBBY Gardening Classes na !!!!!!!!

GARDENING is a learning FUN for KIDS......let's bring them more closer to nature.



When kids generate interest in gardening,they not only r able to understand basic aspects of plant science but also start understanding ecology.They are able to understand the importance of good health through healthy foods.It is normally seen that children do not like to eat fruits and vegetables.When they get to know that Pomegranates, purple carrots, black grapes, peaches, and beets contain flavonoids like anthocyanins which are high in antioxidants.It helps maintain blood flow to the skin.This kind of knowledge  helps children to develop interest in healthy food.This instinct is definitely going to make our children environment conscious besides scoring better in school tests.



ORCHIDS and PITCHER PLANT



SOCIAL INSECTS- WHITE ANTS and TERMITORIA
ENVIRONMENT and ECOLOGY
NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT CONSERVATION

ECO CLUB initiatives like
1.Planting trees,
2.Keeping their surroundings clean,
3.Waste management,
4.Minimize the use of plastic bags and
5.Visit to Nature Trail in Wild Life Sanctuaries/Parks/Forest areas to learn about our biodiversity. 

The picture is of a GIANT WATER BUG insect.These bugs,Lethocerus sp.  are the giants of the bug world - adults may be up to seven centimetres long.While feeding it positions itself head-down on a submerged plant stem and hunts by ambush, taking tadpoles, small fish, frogs, snails and aquatic insects. It catches prey with its grasping forelegs before piercing the  body with its sucking mouthpartsSome species possess a venomous bite which they use to subdue prey and are occasionally known to bite humans, resulting in a burning pain that can last several hours.

 
KNOWLEDGE ENRICHMENT thru Gardening Classes

Monark butterfly (Danaus plexippus) LARVAE and PUPAE

 




Life cycle of Monark butterfly (Danaus plexippus) on Aak (Calotropis procera) - A weed with medicinal value







Some common butterflies can also be seen during various seasons.


















                     
Are Rats-chuha-mouse,Squirrel ,Birds really a threat to your ornamental balcony pots !!!!! a no of rat gum baits are available nowadays 





Cockroach,mosquitoes,houseflies,silverfish and stored grain kind of household pests sometimes become a menace





























Chemical Fipronil 0.05 % GEL-HIT Anti-Roach gel brand from Godrej is a good example of Anti Cockroach Gel.People working in fields may carry insect repellent Roll On while at work.





























 
A chemical DEET(N,N-Diethyl-m-Toluamide IP 50% w/w) brand name "Jungle Formula" insect repellant Roll On is an example of mosquito repellant.
In your garden u may grow some plants which have natural capacity to repel mosquitoes.

SELECTION OF PLANTS


Garden size,kind and layout should be CLEARCUT before selecting plant for Landscape design.

ORNAMENTAL PLANTS and FOLIAGE ORNAMENTALS



1.SUMMER GARDEN PLANTS 


ZINNIA,gaillardia and PORTULACA- common summer flowers in Delhi homes.Portulaca grandiflora ,commonly known as Moss Rose,a semi-succulent annual flowering plant are happy during heat of summer.













Besides Portulaca,Gomphrena,Zinnia,Gaillardia and Kochia bush,one can also go for Morning Glory









During summer we can have ornamental vegetable garden too.Colocasia leaf rolls-bhajia batter-Patra Pakoda from Arbi Patta-monsoon is the best time to enjoy these tender large, heart-shaped ARVI taro leaves na
























Colocasia includes several species of tuberous perennials.Colocasia esculenta is a tropical plant grown primarily for its edible corms

































2.WINTER GARDEN PLANTS

We all like SEASONAL annual winter FLOWERS




Garden Poppy presents a colorful paradise.Eschscholzia californica is also known as California poppy,while Papaver orientale - common red garden poppy


WATERING regularly during WINTER reduces frost injuries and in SUMMER it provides optimum microclimate 














REGULAR GARDEN HEALTH OBSERVATION and PROTECTION definitely helps


























3.Partial Sun Plants




 




PALMS-Fish Tail and Cycas

Palm-Cycas-Sago palm
Bismarckia Palm
Palm-Royal palm, Bottle palm.
Fish-tail palm, Jaggery palm.
Palm-Zamia palm
Palm-Bunya-Bunya-X-Mas tree like
Pam-Fan palm, fountain palm.
Palm-Christmas tree, Norfolk-Island tree





OUTDOOR GARDEN PLANTS


HANGING BASKETS GARDEN-MARIGOLD/Genda 
Simplicity in its Attitude along with potted plants and foliage garden

Pusa Basanti Gainda produces medium sized lemon yellow flowers.






























Pusa Narangi Gainda variety of marigold produces deep orange flowers with ruffled florets.It flowers in 135-145 days after sowing.




























































Marigold Pusa Arpita variety produces medium sized light orange flowers








Celosia plumosa /COCKSCOMB/Woolflower/Red Fox is one of the flower having feathery plumes representing a group having common name as Cocks comb.U too R ready for Spring Gardening na !!!!!!!

ORNAMENTAL INDOOR PLANTS - THEIR MANAGEMENT

INDOOR PLANTS



1.Aglaonema sp.-There are quite a large number of aglaonemas grown,though they all look rather alike.Aglaonemas make compact little plants,developing a sort of trunk as they age.The plant does not require to be very well-lit,but will not be happy in a too dark position.

 


2.Araucaria excelsa or Christmas Tree or X'Mas plantThese grow slowly and do not need much repotting.It makes a very elegant small tree for indoor selection.It should be given a very well-lit position and should be turn around at intervals,so that the growths remain symmetrical.If the plant is left in the same  position,the shoots will all tend to grow towards the light and the attractive symmetry will be lost.



3.Scindapsus sp like monstera,pothos and money plant vineIt is sometimes mistakenly labeled as a Philodendron. A moist atmosphere and a well-lit but shaded situation are what this plant requires.This climbing plant does not develops the yellow markings on its leaves,when the situation is too dark.



4.Schefflera actinophylla - These plants are happy in intermediate condition of light and shade.The leaflet radiate around the stalk like the rays of a light,it is extremely interesting to see the plant improve yearly.




  

5.Dracaena - The plant has a fountain of very broad leaves which curve slightly at the tips.
They are green with thin red margins.During the summer they may be kept outdoors too.



6.Cordyline terminalis -These are low growing shrubs with oblong oval leaves.
They are not difficult plants to keep in good condition and though they survive in intermediate conditions,there is every reason to suppose that they would survive the winter without damage.










7.Ficus sp.-The plant will survive in shady conditions,but has no no objection to light.

The plants contain a milky latex.











8.Sansevieria - This will not require great quantities of water,although it should be provided in moderation when the condition of the soil calls for it.The plant has very thick,tough,leathery and erect leaves that are usually about 18 inches high in well-grown plants.These leaves are 2-3 inches wide,and have a very thin green margin with a yellow stripe next to it,while the center of the leaf is grey-green with transverse bands of a darker color.











9.Tradescantia -These are easiest of all indoor plants to grow.The plant does best in a well-lit situation but does not like direct sunlight.The leaves spring directly from the stem in some species.




10.Philodendron xanadu-These are climbing plants and they produce aerial roots at every leaf- joint.They can be grown under cool condition,although it will prefer the warmer intermediate temperatures.Now, we are familiar with these indoor plants,few things to be kept in mind are not to provide excess water and not to overfeed with manures and fertilizers to avoid frequent re-potting.Feel the spirit to realize that indoor plants are really forever fresh goodies for decorating a beautiful home or a vibrant office.



Tips for Planning Your Indoor Garden
Indoor garden plants live under forced environment condition of our homes, offices or any other premises where they are placed. Therefore, it requires a regular monitoring schedule to observe all aspects for healthy growth of plants growing indoors.

1. Potting and repotting
The soil in pots should be loose and friable to provide better aeration for  roots. The pot media with a 3:1:1 proportion of coco peat, vermiculite and  perlite  is suitable for most of the common house plants. Do not forget to make hole in the bottom of container for drainage. The top soil of pots with bonsai plants should covers with moss on top to maintain moisture. Sandy loam soil with pH range between  6.5 – 7.5 is normally suitable to plants.

2. Choose the right location
Large plants like ficus, araucaria, raphis palm, areca palms, pony tail palm, cycas palm and rubber plant better fit in corners. Medium sized plants like dracaena, cordyline, acalypha, and crotons can be placed near furniture.Jade, begonia, succulents, cacti and bonsai can be used on tables, windows and shelves. Money plant, philodendron, syngonium and spathyllium can be used as bathroom plants besides moisture loving plants lik ferns.

3. Nutrition management
Nitrogenous, phosphoric and potash fertilizers in granular or liquid can be applied to pots regularly. Rhizobium, azotobacter and nutrient solubilizing bacteria can be applied as organic management practice.

4. Water management
Take a pinch of soil to feel dryness and moisture to water accordingly. Too much moisture and doo dry soil, both are harmful. Direct flooding can be done in case of large plants like ficus, araucaria, raphis palm, areca palms, pony tail palm, cycas palm and rubber. Use water can for medium sized plants like dracaena, cordyline, acalypha, and crotons. Apply water by misting through hand sprayer for small pots.

5. Insect management
Spray registered pesticides available in market on fortnightly interval to prevent insect attack. Neem based botanical insecticides can be used as they are eco-friendly.

6. Disease management
Home remedy like a pinch of turmeric powder in 1 litre water can be used as preventive spray to reduce incidence of fungal diseases. Copper and sulphur based fungicides are available in market which might be required to treat a disease. Trichoderma sp. and Pseudomonas sp  are used as botanical fungicides.

7. Pruning and training
Pruning and training a operation which is necessary to keep plants in shape. This can be done in hard wood plants like crotons and ficus. This should be done regularly in case of bonsai.

8. Plant Sanitation
Remove all fallen leaves from pots and throw them outside in compost preparation area. Any dead leaf, blighted leaves and those with disease spots should also be removed as they serve as inoculums.
They are eggs and younger stages of insects like scales and mealy bugs. The twigs and other plant portion with these insect stages should be cut and removed.  

9. Plant growth regulators
Use  cytokinin based and seaweed extract based enzymes to make plants grow faster. Triacontanol  and brassinolides are new generation growth promoters.

10. Separation of suckers
Suckers of plant like aloevera and chrysanthemum can be separated after cutting. These can be planted in new pot to make a new plant. Similarly, bulbs of lilies can be separated during lean season.
The above mention tips will help in making your plants healthy. More plants multiplied during pruning and dividing will increase green area with healthy plants. So, plan your indoor garden with these easy tips.




MANAGEMENT OF GARDEN PLANTS

Soil is a natural dynamic body.It's a medium of plant growth which supplies moisture,air and nutrients to support plant life.Soil is composed of mineral and organic materials and livings forms in which plant grows.
                             Soil organic matter represents an accumulation of partially decayed and partially synthesised plant and animal residues.On decomposition organic matter supplies nutrients,increases Water Holding Capacity in light textured soil and increases porosity in heavy textured soil.
                            ORGANIC GARDENING or FARMING involves specialized organic fertilizers and insecticides made from soil and plant extracts.Soil organic matter plays a important role in the maintenance and improvement of soil properties and it is a dynamic material and changes continuously as a result of microbial activity.It can therefore be maintained at a reasonably stable level both in quantity and  quality by means of suitable additions of new organic materials

ORGANIC GARDENING

Mealy bug,Aphid,Stunted growth,Blight Disease,Powdery Mildew,Ants,Mites,Termites are never a challenge for those who r just crazy about Gardening.
For organic gardening practitioners its like ORGANIC LIVING and NATURAL THINKING.

Organic VEGETABLES in Balcony Gardens are gradually replacing ornamental pots plants 



Karela helps in detoxifying blood and also maintains healthy blood sugar level.It improves digestive system.
KARELA Bitter Gourd covering all balcony space.Retail price of Bittergourd Karela in Delhi markets during mid May,14 reach upto Rs.40/-kg. Space is never a constraint in GARDENING...........KNOW UR PLANTS for ur HAPPINESS

Garden plant nutrition and nutrient management

PLANT HORMONES,PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS and PLANT ENZYMES

















ORGANIC or CHEMICAL source is a matter of choice
  
Often you may wonder why the seasonal vegetables plants in your home garden do not flower.U start guessing problems in your garden.Many a times you feel that growth of our garden plant is slower than you expect.

Many of these kinds of problems can be  overcome by use of Micro nutrients and Plant Growth regulators which are easily available in market.  




























PLANT SHAMPOOS,Amino Acids,QUICK ROOT Hormones etc.......... Garden Owners – Are we aware how much we spend in maintaining home garden and for what purposes.




CHEMICAL NAMEBRAND NAMEMFD  By
Triancontanol 0.05 % ECTriculan/MiraculanCrystal Phos/Dow Agro
Triacontanol 0.05 % GranulesSpeed Up/Active GrDhanuka/Insecti India
Ascophyllum Sea Weed Extract based enzymeCryovita/BiovitaCrystal Phos/PI Indus
Cytokinin based enzymeNanozim/DhanzymeBIOSTADT/Dhanuka
ANA 4.5 % SLSuper Fix/PlanofixIndofil/Bayer
Gibberelic AcidPro Gibb/CryzibSumitomo/Crystal Phos
Humic AcidNimhumeNimla Organics
Nitrobenzene(Combi. of Nitrogen and Sea Weed Ext.)MorchaNimla Organics



MICRONUTRIENTS

MICRONUTRIENTS like Zinc Zn,Copper Cu,Iron Fe, Manganese Mn and Boron B are imporatnt.They have roles like Zn-Transformation of Carbohydrates;Cu -Fruit growth;Fe - Formation of Chlorophyll;Mn-Metabolism;B- Seed and fruit development

 






POT GARDENING - sowing in POT GARDEN of BALCONY GARDEN..............U too R ready with vegetable seed shop bills na !!!!!!!!!!!!








FLOWERS  in pots simply change the whole look of  your premises.



 
Flower lovers can go ahead with Calendula,Babuna Margeurite daisy,Dahlia,Calendula,Dog flower Antirrhinum,Salvia,Alyssum,Marigold Genda,Chrysanthemum,Pansy,Petunia,Stock,Phlox,Carnation,
Gladiolus,Lily,Cornflower,sweet williams,Dianthus,Ice plant,Aster,Hollyhock,nasturtium and many more



When we think of growing vegetables at our own for our kitchen garden,we start concerning about space.Frankly speaking,believe me,space is never a constraint in Gardening.You can begin gardening in ur balcony,common staircase area,corridor,windows and many such spaces.



WATER LILY- Hardy Lilies are perennial, and found in white, yellow or red. A wide pot of 14-16 inch size ,made of fabric with 25 - 30 litre water is good.Plant the rhizome on the edge of the container at a 45 degree angle, exposing the crown






Garden pots,Clay pots,Terracotta pots,Colorful ceramic pots and utensils made of white cement,ceramic pottery flower pots in various animal shapes like frogs, peacock,elephant,turtle,snake e.t.c. are always center of attraction in any of the garden forms.







We often keep searching Garden-accessories..n..GARDEN-PRODUCTS related shops in DELHI/Gurgaon

NORTH DELHI

Nr.Pul Bangash Metro Station,opp.Roshnara Park

1.Master Seeds
3754/5,Clock Tower,CHOWK BARAFKHANA,Nr.Pul Bangash Metro Station,Delhi

2.Safal Agro Seeds
3682, Main Bazar, Old Subzi Mandi, Delhi

3.Farm Chemicals India
18a, Opp Indira Mkt,main Bzr,old Sabzi Mandi, Kamla Nagar, Delhi

4.Raunak Seeds - 011- 23822356
115,Indra Market, Main Bazar, Old Subzi Mandi, Delhi

5.Janus Agro 011- 23821985
3675,Main Bazar,Old Subzi Mandi, Delhi,opp.KAMLA NEHRU park


SOUTH DELHI

Bhogal Road,Nr.MOOLCHAND-Jangpura
1.Kitchen Garden Centre
80, Bhogal Road, Bhogal,opp.Bank of Baroda,Nr.ASHRAM, New Delhi
2.Ram Kishore Sons
25, Bazar Lane Bhogal, New Delhi

Lado Sarai
3. Ankur- The Green Dream
F-328, Ladosarai, M.B.Road, New Delhi

ADHCHINI,Nr.Hauz Khas Metro Station
4.New Garden Centre
A-1, Adhicini, Aurbindo Marg, N.Delhi
5.Garden Hut
99, Adhichini, Aurbindo Marg, N.Delhi

Mehrauli Sabzi Mandi
6.Goel Krishi Store
906/8, Main Market, Mehrauli New Delhi
7.Kharbanda Krishi Store
889/8, Main Market, Mehrauli New Delhi

CENTRAL DELHI
KAROL BAGH

Garden Aids India,011-28754554
1099/13,Hari Singh Nalwa Street,Faiz road,Nr.JHANDEWALAN metro st.KAROL BAGH


WEST DELHI

Delhi Cantt, GOPINATH BAZAR

1.Gardener's 011- 65702545
3-4/10, Gopinath Bazar, Delhi Cantt., N.Delhi

NAJAFGARH 
Kathuria and Co. - 011- 64626411
1472/5,New Bhagat Singh Market,opp.Health Centre,Najafgarh,Delhi

GURGAON
1.Bansal Khad Store
Bara Bazaar, Basai Road, Gurgaon
2.Amarjit and Company
Bara Bazaar, Basai Road, Gurgaon

JAIPUR 
(a specialized shop for BONSAI tools and related products)
VRIKSHA ,46,Gopal Bari,Lane 2,JAIPUR,Rajasthan Mobile- 09829215249

Often people put question - How to start a garden ....how to take care of home garden....how to take care of plants......how to take care insects in my garden ?.In answer one may try following steps






STEP-1.Decide type of garden

Nowadays, people like theme based gardening

e.g.HERBAL GARDEN,VERTICAL GARDEN,VEGETABLE GARDEN,SEASONAL FLOWER GARDEN

1.BALCONY and STAIRCASE GARDENING 






1.1.ORNAMENTAL BALCONY GARDEN - Beginning with new pots of Ornamental Plants that too with ORGANIC FERTILIZERS and ORGANIC PESTICIDES in Delhi generally costs around Rs.300/- approx.for each 8 inches diameter(22 cm) normal plastic pots.

1.2.VEGETABLE GARDEN IN BALCONY POTS




 

All balcony railing with bitter gourd karela cover.Retail price of Karela- bittergourd with local SABZI WALA in Delhi was Rs.40/-kg during last week of May'14.Varieties developed by private seed production companies like Vinay(Advance Seeds),Jaunpuri(Raunak - Omaxe Seeds) and CS-15 (Chandra seeds) can be seed in home gardens of delhi. 






Sponge Gourd .i.e.Plain Normal Tori variety Pusa Sneha and Ridge Gourd Jhingli variety Pusa Nutan are popular,similarly Harika-51TORI from Mayur Seeds and  Jaipuri Long JHINGLI (Krishna seeds) share space in seed markets of Delhi NCR.






Start with BEANS n GARLIC as Spring Sown (Feb-March) Summer Crop.Space is not a constraint .


KARELA -Bitter Gourd as Summer Sown (July-Aug) Monsoon (KHARIF) Crop following BEANS






MATAR - Garden Peas -WINTER Crop- AUTUMN (Oct-Nov) Sown taking charge from KARELA -Bitter Gourd.Matar GP 473 n Arkel variety of garden peas.Among private company garden pea Golden Peas GS-10 of UPL company is well known.Matar varieties Pusa Prabhat (DDR 23),Pusa Panna (DDR 27) Pusa Mukta (DDR 55) are used as Fieldpea Matar-PEAS-Protein Carbo r essential alongwith EXERCISE and TRAINING in body building














   

GARDEN/Khet/FARM/Orchard Health n Protection Kit help a lot like a FIRST AID Kit for our PLANTS



 

So, start growing vegetables at your own and enjoy delicious home cooked food from home grown fresh veggies.


Most green leafy veggies contain plenty of fiber, which helps slow the rise of blood sugar after eating.We have a lot of options of green leafy vegetable and sag during winter. Makki dee roti n sarson da saag among favourites.Mustard variety Pusa Sag 1 is of good quality.

Palak,Methi,Bathu,Chaulai red and green leave can be easily seen at vegetable shops.Palak Spinach have various names like All Green and Pusa Bharati.


Virginia spinach is also popular.Pusa Early Bunching Methi fenugreek make good paranthas.


Pusa Lal Chaulai and Green leaved pusa kiran r good.


Beet root Chukandar variety Crimson Globe is good in taste.Retail price of Beetroot Chukandar in Delhi markets during mid May reach upto Rs.40/-kg


Purple Top White Globe  Turnip shalgam is very common in  markets.Among various kinds of Mooli i.e.Radish,Pusa Chetki and Pusa Rashmi are popular.Pusa meghna of Cauliflower gobhi for parantha make good combination with salads from Golden Acre variety of cabbage.


Carrot has Vitamin A and beta-carotene, which keeps acne at bay.When we make carrot a part of our daily diet, it will help to reduce acne faster.Carrot variety Pusa Rudhira is known for its good taste and high juice content.Nantes variety of carrot are widely used in kitchens.Gajar ka halua mil jaye to kya kehna.Carrot is a wonderful salad crop rich in nutrients like carotenoids and minerals. Pusa Payasa is a cream coloured variety of carrot.



Radish are also available in various colors.Pusa Gulabi has pink color and Pusa Jamuni variety of radish is a purple colored variety rich in anthocyanin.

COMPANION PLANTING

Corn, Beans and Squash are planted together in such a way that they aid each others' success.







Tall corn stalks provide support for beans to climb.


Beans is suitable for growing in all regions.Dolichos bean -SEM varieties like Pusa Sem-2 and Pusa Sem-3 are popular.Pusa Sukomal and Pusa Komal r varieties of Cowpea-LOBIA bean.




Beans, through their symbiotic association with a type of root bacteria, fix nitrogen from the air into a form that non-leguminous plants can also  use.

Majority of plants use nitrogen either in non-mobile ammonium form (NH4+) or mobile nitrate (NO3-) form.Nitrogen(N) is transported from the root to the shoot via the xylem in the form of Nitrate (NO3-).Urea is the major nitrogen (N) form supplied as fertilizer.Some anonymous literature mention that 50-60 % of N applied as foliar urea are absorbed in potted plants within 3 days of application.In case of foliar applications,urea after absorption into leaves,is broken down to NH4+ and then assimilated into amino acid,which are then translocated to tissues.Nitrogen present in Urea fertilizer will hydrolyze to ammonia prior to uptake by plants.Through the mass flow process,nitrogen present in root soil of root zone,moves with water toward the root.Urea is decomposed or hydrolyzed enzymatically in soil to ammonium form.NH4+ is often changed to the NO3-form by soil bacteria,which results in nitrogen loss.Nitrate nitrogen also can be lost to the atmosphere through denitrification(nitrate reduction) when soils become water saturated.This is mainly because Nitrate nitrogen(NO3-) carries a negative charge and is not adsorbed onto soil particles,hence, is free to be leached from the soil. Loss of nitrogen from the top layer of soil (leaching) does not occur in case of Ammonium nitrogen (NH4+) as it carries a positive charge and is adsorbed onto soil particles.Some products like nitrification inhibitors decrease denitrification rates(inhibit conversion of non-mobile NH4+ form to mobile NO3-form).When Nitrogen remains in Ammonical form for longer period,its quantity and  duration of its availbility to plants also increases,otherwise the negatively charged nitrate is repelled by the negative charges of the soil and is readily leached when water passes through the soil.This way we can reduce the loss of N.The ammonium form of nitrogen in long-term can lower soil pH,while calcium carbonate based nutrition product can increase pH over time.





Squash - large, ground-hugging, prickly squash leaves shade out weeds.

Pusa Purple Long(PPL) and  Pusa Hybrid 9  variety of brinjal r commonly seen in local vegetable markets in Delhi



Brinjal- baingan- बैंगन -eggplant- aubergine- garden egg
Solanum melongena

 Pusa Purple Long..... a trusted variety

 



Always use good quality certified seed for any crop
 


During first week of October 2013 brinjal's retail price in delhi markets ranged between Rs.40-50/kg..........why don't try growing brinjal at your own home and taste vegetable which is truly fresh.






Summer season food calls for vegetables which are said to act as cool item for our stomach,Bottle Gourd is a good example in this category.











Long Ghia- LAUKI varieties like Pusa Naveen is a popular choice.Among GOL Ghia round varieties Pusa Sandesh is a chosen one.

Other vegetables which can be chosen for sowing during feb-march in Delhi are Ashgourd Petha,Pumpkin-Kaddu,Kakri and ,Round Gourd-Tinda and Okra-Bhindi.





Retail price BHINDI -okra with local SABZI WALA in Delhi @ Rs.40/-kg during last week of May'14.




Many varieties of Okra Bhindi are available.Some examples are Pusa A-4,Parbhani Kranti,Arka Anamika and Hybrid Ganga. Okra Pusa A-4 is a high yielding variety.







1.3.HERBAL GARDENING and CULINARY HERBS

How about sipping a cup of tea with out adding cured leaves of the tea plant(Camellia sinensis).
There are a number of options in this kind of beverage(Herbal Tea) such as Chamomile Tea,Lemon Grass Tea and Mint Tea.

Mint Tea (Pudina i.e.Mentha arvensis) helps soothe mild nausea, control the spasms and cramps that normally accompany diarrhoea. It can help improve digestion and is recommended for cough associated with allergies and chest infections.




























There are several commercial varieties of mint like Menthol Mint (Mentha arvensis),Pepper Mint (Mentha piperita),Spear Mint (Mentha spicata),Scotch Mint (Mentha gracilis) and Bergamot Mint (Mentha citrata)


Lemongrass Tea (Cymbopogon citratus) helps dilate the blood vessels to increase the flow of blood and is also effective as an antibacterial and digestive.


Chamomile Tea (Matricaria recutita or Matricaria chamomilla) when used before bed time, can reduce the symptoms of anxiety, calm the nerves and also induce sleep.It also has anti-inflammatory effects when used in skin care.


These plants have very prolific small, sweet smelling, daisy-like flowers,which are  used commercially for chamomile tea.

Mosquitoes hate the smell of Mint, Citronella (Cymbopogon nardus),edible Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus),Rosemary and Marigold(GENDA).,so we may also call these plants and natural mosquito repellant plants.
Mentha mint pudina,Curry patta leaf plant,Chilly,Bell Pepper,Capsicum Shimla mirch,Zuchini Squash,Cherry tomato,Green Onion,Coriander dhania is all to name which we always wish to pick fresh from our balcony garden pots during winter

KITCHEN GARDEN -Go GREEN-MEDICINAL PLANTS HERBAL GARDEN



BASIL  Ocimum basilicum is a popular herb known for its flavorful foliage. The fresh or dried leaves add a distinctive flavor to many foods, such as Italian style tomato sauces, pesto sauce and salad dressing. 



























Exotic HERBS
Seasonal VEGETABLES
OCTOCTOCTOCT
Basillemon balm(MINT fam)asparagusPalak- Baby spinach
BoragelobeliaBeansParsley
chamomileMarjorambeetrootPeas
chervil curledOreganoBrocolliPotato
feverfewRocketBrussels SproutRadish
garlic chivesRosemaryCabbageTurnip
Kaffir limeSageCapsicumRhubarb
Lady's MantlethymeCarrot
LavenderyarrowCauliflower


Celery


Cherry Tomato


Chinese Cabbage


Exotic Pepper


Garlic


KHOL RABI


kale


leek


Lettuce


Mint


Onion



CURRY PATTA- CURRY LEAVES are capable in treating piles, blood disorders, cooling body temperature and many more.
DO u still buy them for Rs.20/- a handful of leaves from VEGETABLE Shop !!!!!!!!!!!!!! 
Why not have a POT in ur BALCONY at home



Urban Gardening people usually prefer to grow vegetables,herbal n medicinal plants,aromatic and mosquito repelling plants along with seasonal annual flowering plus ornamental foliage







1.4.SPIRITUAL GARDENING

Banyan tree kee puja hoti hai for long life of husband.Bargad ko VAT vriksh bhee kehte hai,so this festival is also called VAT - SAVITRI Puja

 



Ficus benghalensis -Bargad,Vat or Banyan tree- is one of the most venerated trees in India.Worship of Bargad-banyan- tree in the form of vat savitri pooja is celebrated with with lots of enthusiasm in several northern regions of India.




     








                                                                                                   
Heera,Panna,Moti,Ruby,Pukhraj,Neelam..........aapne inka naam toh suna hee hoga.
Many people keep LUCKY Stones according to BIRTH month in the forms of gems.GARNET (taamda)for those who are born in January,AMETHYST (jamunia) for February,AQUAMARINE (harita neel) for March,DIAMOND (heera) for April, EMERALD (panna) for May,PEARL (moti) for June,RUBY (manik) for July, PERIDOT(ghritmani) for August ,Blue SAPPHIRE (neelam) for September,OPAL(upaj) for October,TOPAZ (pukhraj) for November and TURQUOISE (firoza) for those people who are born in the month of December.
  
Coral(MOONGA),Yellow Sapphire(also called Pukhraj).Hessonite(Gomed) and Cat's Eye(Lehsunia) are other important gems.




Similarly,plants also bring luck.Plants r valuable like GEMS for a balcony garden owner.Astrology is the study of predicting the future on the basis of location of the planets.It also mentions that  the locations of the planets and stars have a bearing on one’s personality,emotional, mental,physical and spiritual energy,behavior and fortune.The planets in Hindu astrology are known as the Navagrah or "nine realms". In Chinese astrology, the planets are associated with the life forces of yin and yang and the five elements of nature i.e.Prithvi (Earth), Jal (Water),Vayu (Air), Agni (Fire) and Akash(Sky) which play an important role in the Chinese form of geomancy known as Feng Shui.






























Similarly,astrological influences have also been observed on plant growth too.The components of an astrological garden are named after four elements of elements of nature like fire garden, earth garden, air garden and water garden.Different types of plants have affinities to different signs.Planting by the signs of the zodiac is an astrological system of gardening.
Aries (March 21 to April 19) sow some paddy rice in tray pot.
Taurus (April 20 to May 20) sign people - plant some HALDI turmeric in pots
Gemini (May 21 to June 21) sign people - plant some melons 
Cancer (June 22 to July 22) sign people - plant any legume (beans)   
Leo zodiac (July 23 to Aug 22) people- plant some CROTONS 
Virgo (Aug 23 to Sept 22) people plant some Sanseveria - Mother -in -law tongue 
Libra (Sept 23 to Oct 23) people - plant some LILIES
Scorpio (Oct 24 to Nov 21) - sow some CORN - Maize-BHUTTA - Challi
Sagittarius (Nov 22 to Dec 21) people can plant Lime - CITRUS - Nimboo
Capricorn (Dec 22 to Jan 19) people go for RUBBER PLANT in ur balcony pot
Aquarius (Jan 20 to Feb 18) sign people can plant IVY 
Pisces (Feb 19 to March 20) sign people grow Aralia- an ornamental plant   


STEP-2.Select Plants and planting material






e.g.Seeds for Peanut and Rhizome for Turmeric planting






1.Seeds of SEASONAL FLOWER


Name of Flower

SOURCE
Aster                    10 gm pkt seed
Calendula             10 gm pkt seed
Candytuft                       10 gm pkt seed
Carnation/Dianthus10 gm pkt seed
Cornflower           10 gm pkt seed
DAHLIA              10 gm pkt seed
Dianthus               10 gm pkt seed
Digitalis cineriaria  10 gm pkt seed
Dimorphotheca     10 gm pkt seed
Ice Plant-Baraf            10 gm pkt seed
Pansy                  10 gm pkt seed
Petunia                10 gm pkt seed
Phlox                  10 gm pkt seed
Salvia                  10 gm pkt seed
Stocks- Matthiola 10 gm pkt seed
GLADIOLOUS   CORM(root)
Narciccus(Nargis)BULB(root)
Begonia                     Plant from Nursery
Bird of Paradise          Plant from Nursery
Gerbera/Daisy             Plant from Nursery
ROSE                       Plant from Nursery
Tuberose                   Plant from Nursery






Petals of seasonal flowers r also used for making decorative structures like floral animals and birds

ALLYSUM - A flower good for baskets,groundcover as well as pots





CALENDULA - A flower good for,ground as well as pots


2.Cuttings for plants like HIBISCUS,Bougainvillea and POINSETTIA
























How do u feel enjoying newspaper in your own garden !!!!!!!!!  
JASUD/China Rose/ARHUL/Hibiscus - the colorful choice of the masses on the globe of gardening
































 


Poinsettias plants are grown for their brightly colored bracts.


Poinsettias that are grown outdoors often reach 8-10 feet tall


 Poinsettia Red is quite popular and often high in demand for balcony gardening.



Another plant chosen for their coloured bract is Bougainvillea.Spinel red bract color changing to roseine purple gives beautiful look to Vishakha variety of Bougainvillea.When you replace your old boundary wall BAMBOO FENCE with these Bougainvillea,it gives a feeling that Ruby Spinel Gemstones have covered the boundary wall of your house.
































 Bougainvillea varieties like Summer time,Sonnet and Spring festival varieties are popular.






Bougainvillea may be gaining Top position in the list of AESTHETIC INDEX among landscapers.
































Late flowering types can be pruned after flowering.The growing tips of young bougainvillea plants in pots should be pinched for desired shape and size.leaves of Stanza variety are ovate bracts chrysanthemum crimson,free flowering   and suitable for bush cultivation.











     
         

 

        STEP- 3.Prepare design and layout of garden










STEP-4.Soil Testing and Soil Conditioners

GARDEN OWNERS - Do we ever try to find out why the soil in our garden appears like thisIs it anyway going to make any effect on beauty of our garden !!!!!!!!!!


  
SOIL - Non- Living construction material for Engineers and a world full of living micro-ecosystem for gardeners
Take a pinch of soil from pot between your fingers and try to feel it's stickyness.This will give the basic idea to distinguish among different kinds of soil.Detail study lets you learn about various physical,chemical and biological properties of  Soil.Soil has various profiles as shown in the picture of soil from a field in Punjab,India.





SOIL HORIZON - Every color has it's own story...get ur soil tested to know more .KNOW YOUR SOIL for your happiness........KNOW SOIL COLOR for a healthy garden.......


STEP-5.Prepare hard and soft Elements of Landscape 





























.














STEP-6.Carry out sowing and planting

Soil should be treated with soil conditioners and Planting material should be treated with fungicides and insecticides,through ORGANIC or CHEMICAL methods. 

 1.Alkali Soil- Lime content is high-Treat wih GYPSUM
 2.Acidic Soil-pH is recorded less than 7 - Treat with LIMESTONE
 3.Saline Soil-Excess quantity of salts are observed.

The above three are major types of soils found in Indian Gardens.

Lime CHUNA- a Soil Conditioner for acidic soils




   


Garden Owners - DO CONDITIONING OF SOIL.....according to your plants,type of garden and location.GYPSUM - a soil conditioner for prevention and correction of sodicity of soil.When exchangeable sodium percentage (ESP) of sodic soils is too high,the calcium present in GYPSUM replaces the sodium held on the clay-binding sites. The sodium can then be leached from the soil as sodium sulfate to an appropriate sink


 



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SHARING A SMALL JOKE - 

Insect Pest says to crops - "ha ha ha ........ab dekhta hoon tumhe mujhse kaun bachayega,tumhare RAKSHAK ko to mere fans ban kara denge"
Crops - "Bachao....Bachao.......Help......Help"
Farmer 1 - "Chinta mat karo mere paas prakartik astra hain"
Crops - " Uske CERTIFICATION karane tak to hum mehnge ho jaayenge.........phir hamse bana
anaj log kharidenge.....waise hee MEHANGAI MAAR JAATI HAI"
Consumer 1- "Haan maine kharida tha, aam bikne waalon se 25 per cent tak jyada paise lagte hain"
Consumer 2 -"ARREY to kya hua BIMARI aur DOCTOR se bachne ke liya kya tum ITNA BHEE NAHEE JYADA Budget mein kharcha naee kar sakte"
Consumer 1 -"Haan AGAR meri SALARY AUR INCOME bhee 25 per cent rise hotee toh na"
Crops again cry- " OMG ye PEOPLE to apas mein hee ladaai kar hain ab bhala mera kya hoga"

OPTION - 1 - e.g.HERBAL EXTRACT for 1 Acre Spray
(1 Kg Garlic + 200 gm Tobacco Leaves + 200 gm Washing Powder) CALCULATE COST and FEASIBILTY.
OPTION-2 - e.g.Dichlorvos 76 EC(DDVP)- Buy 250 ml for 1 Acre
Which one would u like to go for .............
ORGANIC or CHEMICAL source is a matter of choice
KNOW YOUR CROP for your happiness.......

ORGANIC or CHEMICAL source is a matter of choice.






VERMICOMPOST

Keep for 3 MONTHS-Earthworm culturing should be done under shelter to avoid direct sunlight and heavy downpour.Cover the bed with Gunny cloth .Sprinkle water over the cloth periodically to keep gunny cloth wet.Turn the compost after every 20 days

.




NEEM WASH Preparation for INSECT Mgt

Crush 5 kg Neem Leaves in water.Add 5 litres of COWURINE and 2 kg COWDUNG.Decompose for 24 hrs and stir occassionally.Filter this stock and dilute in 100 litres water.

VERMIWASH Preparation

Keep 2 kg of earthworms+ 1kg organic manure+ in 1 Matka Earthen Pot with 2 litres water.
After evey 2 days collect water from this and use Dilute in 10 liters water for Nutrient spary.

INSECT management

SPRAY by 15 lit Knapsack Sprayer
2 litres COWURINE + 100 ml NEEMOIL+  Fill with Water
SOIL Application by NEEM Khali based Organic Manure


DISEASE Management

SPRAY by 15 lit Knapsack Sprayer
30 gm TURMERIC POWDER+ Fill With Water
SOIL Application
25 kg Organic Manure + 1 kg Trichoderma+ 1 kg Pseudomnas for 1000 GAZ area

ORGANIC Fertilizers for NUTRIENT Management

150 gm RHIZOBIUM in 10 kg Compost for 1000 GAZ area for Nitrogen
400 gm P.S.B.(Phosphorus Solubilizing Bacteria)in 10 kg Compost for 1000 GAZ area for Phosphrus

PANCHGAVYA

500 ml Panchgavya (milk, curd, ghee, dung and urine of cow)
+ 150-200 ml extract of Ritha fruits and Neem leaves
+ 300 ml cow urine (collected earlier) to make 1 lt biopesticide
Apply 1 lt/100 lt of water 30-45 days after transplanting.


To MAKE 150-200 ml extract of Ritha fruits and Neem leaves


[50 ml Neem leaves extract + small quantity of gur + fermented wheat flour + 100 ml extract of Ritha]

.
CHHOLE Bengal Gram,MATAR Garden Peas,KIDNEY BEAN Rajmah and CHICKPEA Kabuli Chana,ONION-Piyaz,RADISH-Mooli,SPINACH-Palak and FENUGREEK Methi SEEDS..........what is ur GARDENING plan during WINTER for Pots and Ground





RAJMA plant -Kidney Bean -Missing Rajma - Chawal --yes ur favourite Rajmah is suffering from disease




CHICKPEA-Gram-CHANA are mainly of two types.Black colored small grain Bengal Gram and White colored Bold grained Kabuli chana









Jukini-Zuchini-Summer Squash are immensly popular as one of the major constituent ingredient of fast foods.Chowmein,NOODLES,Salads,PIZZA n many more such dishes......how they'd give taste without YELLOW or GREEN SQUASH/Zukini/ZUCHINI





 SQUASH/Zukini/ZUCHINI plant can be grown in home gardens.







Sweet Peppers Capsicum are seen in several colors like red.yellow,orange and green.Capsicum and Mini Capsicums are largely used as stuffed salads and vegetables.





Colored Capsicum- Yellow and Red Shimla Mirch,Cherry Tomato,Zuchini - Summer Squash,Leek,Parsley,Broccoli,Red Cabbage add colors to our cooked dishes and GARDEN too providing an ornamental look to any form of home gardening.

One  more method to increase productivity is through adoption of protected growing methods.



POLYHOUSE of 200 micron thickness UV Stabilized and SHADE NET- GREEN - 50 % UV Stabilized are popular especially in such crops that are responsive the photoperiods and light acclimation (physiological adjustment) to produce more number of stems and flowers per unit area.







Production technologies for tomato and cucumber are now available with farmers,which are developed by keeping in view the biotic and abiotic stresses.






Cucumber and Tomatoes are cultivated majorly under two types of protected structures namely,naturally ventilated greenhouse and insect-proof net house.








Plastic protrays are used for growing seedlings in Plug Tray nursery raising technology































In certain off-season vegetables like cucurbits,after transplanting seedlings,individual rows are covered by making plastic low tunnels with 1-1.5 ft dimensions.Transparent plastic of 20-30 micron thickness is used in this kind of plastic low tunnel cultivation technology.

MULCHING film
Thin transparent film for soil solarization,black film for weed control and perforated mulch for rainy season are used.Plastic film (25 micron) may be seen in vegetable cultivation.




























15 micron LLDPE (black) provide better moisture conservation and reduced weed growth,1 kg film can cover 26 sq. m.




























Flower crops like Rose,Chrysanthemum,Carnation and Gerbera are highly remunerative when cultivated in climate controlled green house.The application of artificial photoperiod in short day crop increases flower yield.




























We often find black tiny insects called Aphids,sucking plant cell sap and thus causing damage to plant.These can be sprayed with chemicals like Tolfenpyrad 15% EC(PI Industries) or Pymetrozin 50% WG(Syngenta).
Chrysanthemum Guladaudi variety Pusa Chitraksha produces single flowers that are deep magenta in colour.The Plants are bushy (24-30 branches), tall in height (60-65 cm) with excellent spread (60-65 cm).Another good variety but with yellowish pink flowers,named Pusa Anmol produces three flowers flushes in a year (October-November, February-March and June-July) as against one in a majority of the cultivars.














     
                    


Pusa Centenary,Pusa Kesar,Pusa Aditya,Pusa Sona are some other popular varieties of Chrysanthemum Guldaudi.

LAWN MANAGEMENT  in Home gardens
1.Prepare Lawn






















  

 


2.Lawn aftercare and management
1.Routine Maintenance, Levelling of the grass with the help of grass cutting machine. Pruning and watering as required in various climatic conditions.
2.Maintenance of grass, including cutting of grass whenever required.
3.Inspect all plants including lawn for disease or insect damage weekly. Treat affected material 4.immediately with prescribed insecticides and fungicides.
5.Immediately remove any dead or dying plants not in a vigorous thriving condition.
6.Planting of seasonal flower by hybrid seeds of different type of flower in summer & winter in the existing flower beds.
7.The type of seasonal flower could be planted is as below:
Dahliadouble, Aster Hybrid, Dianthus, Calendula, Sunflower, Guldaudi, Marigold, Zinnia, Dog flower, Balsam, Kochia, Gailardia, Sweet alyssum, Petunia, etc.
8.Maintenance permanent plants pots.
9.Pruning and cutting of the plants whenever required.
10.The lawn grass should be maintained thick, cushioning. The appearance should be greeny and free from weeds.
11.Uprooting weeds and rake vegetation so that garden is clean and free from weeds round the year.
12.Providing support and grooming the shrubs.
13.Trim all trees and shrubs to establish desired form, habit and appearance
14.Make “Thala”(a soccer type shallow soil pit around the tree for aeration, proper watering) for each and every tree. 

                                                                                            
Cocopeat,Vermiculite, Perlite, Neem Cake, Vermicompost, Fertlilizers like Urea, DAP,Potash, Organic Fertilizers like Azospirillium,Azotobacter,Rhizobium,Phosphorus solubilizing bacteria,Potash (K) solubilizing bacteria,Organic Pesticides like Bacillus thuringiensis,Trichoderma viridae,Pseudomonas florescens,Neem Oil,Chemical pesticides like Chlorpyriphos,Malathion Powder,Carbendazim,Mancozeb,Plant Growth Regulators like Humic Acid, Nitrobenzene and Plant Enzymes are used for AFTERCARE and MAINTENANCE OF GARDENS.

VEGETABLE GARDENING can be successfully managed by integration of non-chemical and chemical insecticides.
For example, Chlorfenapyr 10 SC (Lepido,PI Industries) is used to manage Spodoptera caterpillars.Several borer kind of larvae can be managed by applying Flubendiamide 39 SC(Fame,Bayer;Fluid,Dhanuka)Very early instar stages of larva may be managed by applying Emamectin Benzoate 1.9% SC(Billo,Crystal). Leaf sucking insects like Red mites may be managed by using Etoxazole 10% SC(Sumitomo Chemicals),Danfuron (Danfuron 240 SC,Dhanuka) or Propargite 57 EC(Omite,Dhanuka;Simba,PI Ind).Imidacloprid 30.5 EC(Super Media,Dhanuka; Pollard,Bharat Insecticides) can also be used.
Powdery mildew disease may be managed by application of Azoxystrobin 23 % SC (Amistar,Syngenta;One Star,Dhanuka) or Flusilazole 40 EC(Nustar,Du Pont;Cursor,Dhanuka).Many other plant diseases may bemanged by using combination formulations like Carbendazim+Flusilazole(Lustre,Dhanuka).Several
Leaf blight diseases may be managed by using Metiram 70 WG (Sanit,PI Industries;Polyram(Bayer) 

The judicious use of chemical pesticides is increasing in all crops as more and more new formulations are reaching markets very frequently.Trials for efficacy, studies  of new  agrochemicals  for  domestic  consumption ,imports, indigenous manufacturing for exports of new pesticides  and combinations are gradually on rise in Indian pesticide scenario. Some examples in this category are combination formulations insecticides ( Acetamiprid 0.4% + Chlorpyriphos 20% EC); (Chlorantraniliprole 4.5% + Abamectin 1.8% SC); (Cypermethrin 10% + Indoxacarb 10% SC);( Ethiprole 40% + Imidacloprid 40% (80 WG); (Thiamethoxam 12.6% + Lambda Cyhalothrin 9.5% ZC ); (Fipronil 40% + Imidacloprid 40% WG) alongwith Chlorfluazuron 5.4% EC; Cynatraniliprole 10.26% w/w OD;; Diflubenzuron 2% Gr; Dinotefuran 20% SG(Osheen,PI Ind); Flonicamid 50% WG; Pyridalyl 10% EC; Spiromesifen 22.9% SC(Voltage,PI Ind).Some new entrants in the group of Insect Growth Regulators are methoxyfenozide, tebufenozide,Chromafenozide 80% WP(Dodger,PI Ind) and fufenozide for lepidopteran larvae along with halofenozide for beetle and lepidopteran larvae.
When we think of fungicides in this pool,examples are combinatinations like ( Ametoctradin 27% + Dimethomorph 20.27% SC); (Fenamidone 10% + Mancozeb 50% - 60 WG); (Iprovalicarb 5.5% + Propineb 61.25% WP) alongwith Cyazafamid 34.5% SC; Famoxadone; Metalaxyl M 31.8% ES and Tebuconazole 5.36% FS.

Some examples of pesticide and agrochemical  manufacturing companies active in these kind of innovations are BASF, Bayer,Syngenta, Sumitomo, Du Pont, Chemtura, UPL, Gharda, Dhanuka and PI Industries 

How to Grow ROSE in Pots -requires a lot of care

Rose flower do not bring thorns always.The short to medium stature bushes of pink coloured Pusa Komal variety of Rose GULAB are completely thornless. The variety possesses strong stems with multiple flower buds arranged in different heights, which open in a sequential manner. The pink coloured buds are pointed in shape and unfurl in to double flowers. The variety produces very attractive pink coloured flowers. This variety is moderately tolerant to threats like thrips,powdery mildew and black spot diseases.















Rose - Gulab- the flower every house wants to own.It comes in numerous varieties.Pusa Arun produces  dark red, large sized, double blooms on strong and long shoots.Pusa Gaurav has large sized flowers of deep pink color,produced on long stems.

 

Pusa Ajay and Pusa Shatabdi are other variety with pink color flower.ROSE -To have healthy and good sized flowers from roses, their irrigation should be quite timely as with the onset of summer season, they require more frequent watering. Other cultural practices should also be carried out regularly, only then we can prolong the flowering period of roses.
Keep on removing the dried, diseased shoots and root suckers. Water the beds twice a week for proper health of the plants.




Pusa Mohit is also thornless, red petals with lighter shade on the reverse side of petals, tolerant to black spot.Major flowering of the rose will be over during April-May. Keep on removing the faded flowers and suckers from the root stock. Timely watering, weeding and  hoeing will keep the plants in good conditions 


       

















Pruning of  roses is done  during OCT-NOV for removing the diseased/dead and criss- crossing branches. The cut ends should be treated immediately after pruning or spray the plants.Hoeing of  rose beds, removal of suckers and  application  of  FYM  near  base of the plants after exposing roots is done in this month.Check  the  attack  of  scale  and  other soil borne insects. Irrigate the plants after application of FYM.





















GLADIOLUS



Pusa Manmohak is a mid maturing variety flowering in about 100-105 days



Gladiolus are truly beautiful flowers. Mohini variety is an early mid season flowering variety.




Pusa Kiran variety of Gladiolus has white colored florets (16-19) on long sturdy spikes, early variety, flowers in 75 days.




Gladiolus varieties like Pusa Shubham,Pusa Unnati and Pusa Srijana are popular


































Gladiolus variety Pusa Shubham produces cream to yellow colored florets (14-16) on long spikes.This is an early variety, flowers in 72 days. Compact spikes with vase life of 10 days



ORCHIDS and their MANAGEMENT

It does not makes any sense to share some of good old days,when i used to live in Arunachal Pradesh,but i do remember............whenever i see an Orchid plant
I was successful to touch an Epiphytetic orchid plant, growing naturally in it's God..made ecosystem,only after getting bitten by several Leeches and Ants.Leech live in natural river streams,cross-able...on foot while ant nests were found on base of host tree.Nowadays even in Home Gardening people r growing orchids in pots..with lot of attention and care.Terrestrial orchids like Arachnis and Mokara can be grown normally in pots with soil,farmyard manure,dried leaves and charcoal as pot mixture.









Epiphytetic Orchids like Dendrobium and Vanda may be directly..tied to a thick stem piece of tree like Mango,Bauhinia or Gulmohur.Tree bark,dried fern,brick pieces and leaf mould can..be..used as potting mixture.Orchid pots can be placed in area where sunlight is available during morning or evening.

.





Salam Panja (Dactylorhiza hatagirea)-a Terrestrial orchid (Left) and dried PurpleDendrobium a Epiphytetic Orchid flower(Right)



















 


 



VERTICAL GARDENING - Garden like a wall
Add a new dimension to landless Gardening


White Anthuriums,Pink Rose Flower and White Carnation Flower Basket look wonderful

SOIL and GARDEN NUTRITION

Soil color is primarily affected by soil type and composition, not so much pH. For instance, organic-rich soils (dark brown or almost black, which can be moderate pH) tend to be darker than organic-poor soils (light brown, lower pH), which in turn tend to be darker than high mineral content soil (such as sand, higher pH).

Reds and yellows are common colours in soils and are the result of small quantities of iron compounds. The red colour is particularly associated with (Fe2O), whereas the yellow colour may indicate the presence of this same iron compound combined with water (hydrated iron oxide). Red colour indicates that the soil is well drained, but locally the colour may be derived from a red source rock such as a red shale or sandstone. 

Grayish and bluish colours in soils of humid climates often mean the presence of reduced iron compounds (such as FeO) in the soil and indicate poor drainage or bog conditions. Grayish soils in dry climates mean a meagre amount of humus: a white colour may be a result of the deposit of salts in the soil. Although some recently formed soils retain the colour of the parent overburden or bedrock, the colour of fully developed soils is independent of what lies beneath. 

The soil reaction could be Acidic,Neutral or Alkaline.It influences the soil properties like nutrient availbility,biological activities and soil physical conditions.Soil reaction is expressed in pH.
Saline soils is recognised when the pH reading of a saturated soil paste is less than 8.5 and there is presence of white crusts of salts on the surface.Saline soils contain soluble salts in such quantities that they interfere with the growth of most crop plants.Salinization generally occurs in the regions of arid and semi arid climate.
Sodic or Alkali soils are those whose pH is usually more than 8.5.Dispersed and dissolved organic matter present in the soil solution may be deposited on soil surface by evaporation ,thus causing darkening and giving the term black alkali.

SALINE-SODIC soils are found as a result of the combined process of salinization and alkalinization.As long as the excess salts are present,appearance and properties of these soils are genenerally similar to saline soils and pH remains seldom higher than 8.5.If the excess salts are reached downwards,the properties of these soils are changed considerably and it becomes similar to alkali soils.

Amelioration of Soils
1.Physical and Hydro-technical amelioration-Deep ploughing,Sub-Soiling,Sand filling ,profile inversion.
2.Biological - Addition of Organic Manures to improve water infiltration and release of CO2 during decomposition.
3.Chemical-Addition of Lime or Gypsum.





Water Soluble Foliar Fertilizer 19-19-19 NPK e.g.Sujala (Rashtriya Chemicals & Fertilizers Ltd).NPK i.e.Nitrogen,Phosphorus and Potassium are three major nutrients which a plant seeks from soil.Many brands of readymix formulations of NPK fertilizers are available available in markets.Some are meant of Soil Applications,while others are for Foliar Spray Applications. 



NPK- Nitrogen from UREA,Phosphorus from DAP and KCL(Potassium) from Muriate of Potash MOP are commonly used for fields.



























UREA.........can we really live without this straight nitrogenous fertilizer.'N'- NITROGEN is a part of Chlorophyll and all proteins enzymes - a major ELEMENT in plant growth.



Among organic sources of Nitrogen, Rhizobium inoculants help in establishing efficient symbiotic associations with pulses and leguminous plants.




Rhizobium,Azotobacter,Azospirillum and Phospho bacterial inoculants are generally applied on seed.Azotobacter inoculants are also recommended in some non-leguminous crops like tomato and potato.
                                                                                      



Azospirillum inoculants like brand Azospi of IPL company are recommended in non-leguminous plants like oats and millets.ORGANIC (e.g. Azospirillium Bacteria,Rhizobium etc.) or CHEMICAL (e.g.Urea,CAN etc.) source is a matter of choice

Azolla,a free floating water fern,is another biofertilizer which contributes nitrogen to the crop.It's application not only improves soil physico-chemical properties but also fertilizer use efficiency.



                   
                                               


Azolla has a high rate of biological nitrogen fixation as well as biomass production capability due to it's rapid growth.


P- Phosphorus is important in formation of starch,sugar and oil and development of roots,stem and seeds.Phosphatic fertilizers such as Di Ammonium Phosphate(DAP) is widely used


Phosphatic fertilizers such as Di Ammonium Phosphate DAP are widely used growing Potatoes and Wheat.

                                               


ORGANIC (e.g.Phosphate Solubilizing Bacteria) source r also used.Phosphorus remains fixed in soil and is not available to plants.


Seed Inoculation with Phosphate solubilizing bacterial inoculant (PSB) like brand Phosphofix of IPL company,not only improves the availability of phosphorus from insoluble sources of phosphorus in soil but also enhances use efficiency of Phosphatic fertilizers such as Di Ammonium Phosphate.
ORGANIC (e.g.Phosphate Solubilizing Bacteria) or CHEMICAL(e.g.SSP,DAP) source is a matter of choice

Muriate of Potash MOP is the most widely used potassium based chemical fertilizer.



























'K'- Potassium improves Fruit quality improvement and reduction of diseases.ORGANIC (e.g.Potash Solubilizing Bacteria,Potash Activa of IPL company) or CHEMICAL(e.g.Muriate of Potash MOP) source is a matter of choice

Home Garden can be utilized as Ornamental,Herbal or Vegetable Kitchen Garden and several other forms....... 





ALOEVERA- GWAR PATHA or DHRUT KUMARI or GHEE KWAR- aloe is effective for skin toning and slows anti-ageing proces.



Aloe barbadensis is one of the simpler house plants to grow.It's also versatile in that you can grow the plant indoors situated on a kitchen windowsill or in the garden if you live in a very warm and dry climate.The plant can be used to heal scrapes, burns and other skin irritations. Use a knife to cut a leaf of the plant off at its thick base. Then use a spoon to scoop out the gel-like sap and apply it to the skin.Aloe vera is known for its healing properties and is the best antioxidant available. One can drink aloe vera juice every morning to have acne-free and clear skin. Aloe vera can also be applied as a face mask.






ISABGOL - Sabke pet ka sachcha saathi.........Doodh - Dahi ......... dono ke saath desi ilaaz

HADJOD - Cissus quadrangularis contains healthy amounts of calcium and other constituents which influence quick regeneration of connective tissues around the broken bones






KALP VRIKSH - A miracle ..........Baobab Tree- Adansonia digitalis grows into a big tree over a period of time but can be maintained outdoors in big pots for years with proper training. METHOD OF USE: Can be consumed as cuisine dressing as we do with coriander and other herbs.Added to dals and soups too.The leaves can be stuffed in parathas.

Arusa/ Vasala/Basak-Justicia adhatoda is useful for curing coughs, colds and asthma








Artemisia absinthium (Common Wormwood/Madderwort ) is believed to be a stomachic tonic, and anthelmintic






























Bhringaraj -Eclipta alba -is known for its hair rejuvenating properties





GEHUN/wheat plant is much more than just being a food grain.


WHEAT GRASS juice when consumed fresh is found to control BP - Blood Pressure and also checks Diabetes.Grind 7 to 9 days old wheat leaves adding water, strain the juice through a clean cloth into a cup or a glass.Juice must be drunk immediately on juicing,a healthy person can  take 1/4 to 1/3 of a glass everyday.A small cut piece of Giloy (Tinospora cordifolia),Karela-Bitter Gourd,KACHCHI Haldi -Fresh green turmeric and Aloevera  may be added to wheat grass at the time of juice preparation. 











        

GILOY,Aloevera along with MORNING GLORY in a garden pot(above).Giloy(Tinosporia cordifolia) rejuvenates the nervous system by repairing damaged brain cells.  

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
Wheat grass juice ready to grind packs are also available in market.   

SATAVAR- Asparagus medicinal roots are good in back pain and in case of acidity problems







Arjun,Harad,Baheda together are popular as TRIPHALA churan powder. 





TRIPHALA ----the three myrobalans are known to everyone

When consumed regularly during bedtime with water,it is believed to be a boon for our digestive system

Arjun--------Terminalia arjuna--------Bark-------Heart.
Harad-------Terminalia chebula------Fruits------Liver

Baheda-----Terminalia bellarica-----Fruits-----Stomach

a


Safed.Musli(Chlorphytum.borivilliannum).....MUSLI.......chamatkari.........JADEE.....BOOTI.....Pot..Gardening....SAFED MUSLI..in..Pots








Safed Musli(Chlorphytum borivilliannum) and Kali Musli (Curculigo orchioides) for weakness in Diabetes and cough, respectively










PLANT....DOCTORING........IS....NOT.....ALWAYS...fun and Doctoring through plants is never FUN.Expert supervision is always required.


ASHWAGANDHA increases our body's ability to resist the damaging effects of stress.The berries and leaves of ashwagandh are locally applied to tumors, tubercular glands, carbuncles, and ulcers.The roots are used to prepare a herbal remedy which reduces nervous tension.Dried ashwagandha root is boiled for up to 15 minutes and the resulting tea is consumed several times a day.Withania somnifera, also known as Indian ginseng,poison gooseberry or winter cherry.



Hypericum perforatum also know as St. John's Wort counteracts anxiety disorders....



Do u like Brahmi Sharbat !!!!! This sharbat improves immunity and develops brain.











BRAHMI - Half table spoon of dried brahmi plant mixed in 250 ml of milk,when consumed before going to bed, has been found to increase memory power.It has anti-depressant properties and it also has beneficial effects on cerebral system.Brahmi plant is a perennial plant widely used in herbal medicines and is often used as a tea in India. Brahmi may also be used as a green salad type vegetable, although it does have a bitter taste. 



AONLA -amla-Emblica - Use it alongwith BRAHMI or use it as Chawanprash.Aonla candy is the best form to introduce among KIDS.Amla prevents gastric disorders,acidity,indigestion.It improves appetite.



VACH/Bach/Haimavati also called Acorus calamus are used as Nervine tonic, emetic, stomachic, resuscitative, and in Bronchitis, schizophrenia, obesity, fever and rheumatism.It nourishes nervous system and protects nerves from damage.




The oil of calamus can also be used as an insecticide. It is a very hardy plant and grows in wet, marshy lands

Shankhpushpi (Convolvulus Pluricaulis) is also used as memory tonic and mental stress reliever.



Mulethi/Yashtimadhu/Liquorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra) is a herb known for it's stress relieving properties and it also pacifies anger.

 



Bael (Aegle marmelos) has digestive, anthelmintic and anti-inflammatory properties hence used for various intestine related treatments.Bel sharbat is available in various packings.





























Do u like RICE pulao or u like the whole spices used in making Pulao or Khichdi.Does the stock of your rice grains contain sword shaped grains.Do they elongate twice of of their original size on cooking.Are thse grains rich in aroma !!!!!!! If yes, then u r going to enjoy Basmati Chawal grown primarily in the regions of UP,Haryana,Punjab and Jammu and Kashmir.

Basmati rice brands like Daawat Basmati,Lal Quila Basmati,Kohinoor Basmati,Jagat Basmati,Shakti Bhog Basmati,Neesa and Best Basmati have high market share.Kohinoor Dubar Rice,Hello Dubar Rice,India Gate Dubar are generally available at a price range of Rs.100-110/kg.

Milled  basmati Rice brands available in markets are generally a packing of blend of two basmati rice varieties.Some are Broken Basmati Rice Grains(full grain and broken grains in 60:40 ratio),some are totally broken garins Tukra Basmati while other are Sella Basmati(blended translucent partially boiled in the husk by steaming and drying.Rice grains break when they pass through polisher machine in a rice mill.These broken rice are known as Dubar when 10-12% garins are broken,Tibar when 4-5% of rice grain are broken.When the broken rice is more than 80% they are known as Kinki.






                                                                
Remember that whenever u make rice pulao,the quantity of water to be added should be around double quantity of  long grain basmati rice used.Generally,the ratio of water to rice varies with age of rice.Once you remove the cooker from heat of burner,allow the rice to sit for 5 minutes to allow the fragile grains to firm up.Later,remove the lid and fluff the rice to separate the grains.




Various names in the category of rice like Non-Basmati Rice varieties from South India such as Parboiled Rice, Ponni Rice,Idli and Sona Masuri Rice and Non-Basmati Rice varieties from North India like long grains of double polished Parmal.An example of Sona Masuri is brand Purani Dilli Sona Masuri Rice 10 kg pack with MRP Rs.649/- was normally available in retail markets in Delhi for Rs. 405/- during the month of June'14

RICE paddy Local varieties r also popular.The season for growing these is on peak during the month of June-July.For example,Govind Bhog from West Bengal and Kala Joya from Nagaland are examples of Non-basmati rice varieties.


   
Non-Aromatic(parmal/non-basmati) Hybrid rice seeds varieties like Bayer Arize 6444 Gold,Pioneer 27P72 and Tata Rallis RPH2 and Hybrid Aromatic(hybrid basmati) PusaRH10 are popular.Seeds of Pusa RH-10 are often available in 2 kg packing for Rs.400/- at several govt.institutions 



                                                                                                                                          
Seeds of Fine Gain Aromatic rice,Pusa- Basmati 1121 - approx. yield 16 Qtl/Acre (3.5 Qtl/BIGHA) may be available in 5 kg packing for Rs.300/- and 20 kg bag for Rs.1200/-.Pusa Punjab Basmati 1509 variety may yield avg. 18 Qtl/Acre (3.5 Qtl/BIGHA),the seeds of this variety are often available in 5 kg packing for Rs.325/- at govt.institutions while the same variety in 8 kg packing of a private company Super Gold Karnal Seeds Farm,Karnal,Haryana were available at Rs.800/- per bag in Delhi on Feb.26, 2014

Pusa-1509 takes around 115-120 days to mature compared to 140-145 days by Pusa-1121. This allows farmers to sow the seeds in mid-July instead of mid-June thereby saving 5 - 6 irrigations, or to grow another short duration crop.



  
Whole grains carry a lot of antioxidants. It also stabilizes blood sugar and prevent insulin spikes.Nowadays,multigrain flour ATTAs are also becoming popular among people and one may have to pay a price of Rs.500/- for 10 kg of Multigrain Atta consisting of barley JAU,amaranthus CHOLAI,maize MAKKA,sorghum JOWAR,chickpea CHANA,water chestnut SINGHARA,soybean and bajra.



  
Wheat is a good food for acne prevention. It’s an excellent source of B vitamins, which act as stress busters, as stress triggers acne for some people.ORGANIC FOOD including ORGANIC RICE and ORGANIC ATTA are gaining market share.

































ORGANIC !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
 
Are we aware how much we spend in the name of organic,without ascertaining whether it's from a certified source or not.Imagine our daily cost of living when we begin our day with ORGANIC TOOTHPASTE and go to bed with a ORGANIC PROTEIN supplements.Our ORGANIC OFFICE TEA,organic snacks and ORGANIC COLD DRINK.Organic POP CORN while watching movie.
Wish everybody could afford this and we would never ever become ill.No CLINIC EXPENSES, a lot of SAVINGS and a all time HAPPY LIFE.
Let's not forget our lifestyle is our choice,we have to decide.

Organic food is grown and processed without any chemical fertilizers,pesticides or fungicides without allowing anything artificial but yet u may have to spend more money than the normal products available in markets.
Let me share an example of Kanak-gehun-wheat.It is observed that the production COST of 1kg of Wheat produced by farmers is approximately between Rs.15-16/kg.When people go to purchase Wheat,they may have to spend between Rs.25-28/kg.
     








Moving one step ahead,wheat FLOUR i.e.ATTA aata is available in retail markets at a price of Rs.35-38/kg and that too of reputed brands like Aashirwad,Shaktibhog,Annapurna and Pillsbury.



For.ex.Nature fresh Sampoorna Chakki Aata 10 kg Pack of MRP.Rs.340/- was available during April 2014 in local retail markets at selling price of Rs.275/-. and Aashirwad Shudh Chakki Atta 10 kg Pack of MRP.Rs.320/- was also available at selling price of Rs.275/-. during May 2014 in local retail markets.







After addition of a VALUABLE word ORGANIC (do confirm whether it is certified organic or not) he may sell wheat flour upto the price of Rs.97/kg.






Sharbati name from MP is known to layman.Pusa Gautami (HD 3086), HD 2967,HD 2733,HD 2687 (Shresth),HD 2888 (Pusa Wheat 107),HD 2932 (Pusa Wheat 111),HD 3043, HD 7882 (Vidisha),HD 2864 (Urja),HD 2985 (Pusa Basant),HD 2189, rainfed varieties KUNDAN 1532,HD 2987 (Pusa Bahar),HD 3016,HD 3070 and durum WHEAT variety HD 4713 (Pusa Wheat – 110) are some good varieties to name.HD 2643 is preferred for good chapatis. 




























For people who also like non-vegetarian food,particularly fish,may have an additional food option for fighting blemishes and may look towards having a blemish-free skin.Blemishes are marks or areas of discoloration on the skin.One of the most common blemish-causing conditions is acne.Fish like mackerel, salmon, anchovies, and sardines are rich in Omega- 3 and omega-6 essential fatty acids that help fight acne.





ROHU Fish Pakoras are liked by a majority of fish eating people.
FISH PAKODA - ROHU - Recipe
½ kg fish
1 ½ cup besan (gram flour)
2 tbspns lemon juice
Salt to taste
1 tspn red chilli powder
½ tspn cracked black pepper
1 tbspns chopped mint leaves
2 tbspns chopped coriander
1 green chilli chopped
1 tspn cracked dry coriander
1 tspn cumin seeds
1 tspn baking powder
Oil for deep frying
Some water for smooth batter ( ½ to ¾ cup)

The second thing about Indian food dishes which appears in our mind is spices.

SPICES -the hot taste of our food






    
MASALAs/spices r not good for our DIGESTIVE health when taken in very high quantity along with tounge burning.


Garam masala,Paneer masala,Chana masala and so on.







Spices not only add taste to our food but also have medicinal properties.


NUTMEG -Javitri and Jaiphal -Endocarp and ELAICHI-Cardamom make our food just delicious.....nothing to say about it.

CHIILIES n PEPPERS r not good for our DIGESTIVE health when taken in very high quantity


 


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Add caption

CHILLI - Mirch

Pusa Jwala,Pusa Sadabahar and Arka Megahana are
good varieties of normal hot chilly.






Assam's Bhut Jolokia(KING chilly/Naga Bhut/GHOST CHILLI)-World's HOTTTEST Chiili -the pride of the North East.


Duniya kee sabse teekhi Mirch -ties with Trinidad Moruga Scorpion chilli.



The measurement of spicy heat of Bhut Jolokia(KING chilly/Naga Bhut/GHOST CHILLI) goes a level beyond imagination, 14,63,700 SHU on the chilli-heat meter.A chilli even when it is 2,50,000 SHU is known as hot by most Indian standards.Kashmiri Degi mirch measures only upto 2000 SHU.


Chilly ka SHU suna hai na !!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Scoville Heat Units(SHU) to measure SPICY HEAT of Chilli and it denotes the amount of capsicin present.Wilber Lincoln Scoville, an American pharmacist created Scoville Organoleptic Test that measured how many drops of sugar water were required to meet the heat of a Chilli. Nowadays,liquid Chromatography is used to conduct Scoville scale test

ONION 

ONION- piyaz -KANDA - dungri red, yellow and white which one do u like more.NHRDF Red(left pic) for Rabi-winter sowing and AGRIFOUND red(right pic) for Kharif-summer sowing.







Diseases like purple blotch and insects like thrips should be taken care of.





  

Spray the crop with fungicide(organic or chemical) as soon as first symptom of purple blotch appears in the crop.Bunching onions or green onions, produce long, edible leaf stalks instead of bulbs.Pusa Soumya is a multicut variety.







Onion  and garlic are two important ingredient in gravy-curry of majority of Indian dishes cooked.Garlic is one of the richest sources of antioxidants that help prevent and cure acne problems. It may show good  effect when eaten raw or added to salad.Retail price of Garlic Lahsun -Lassan in Delhi markets during mid May'14 reach upto Rs.150/-kg









 



Adrakh-GINGER-fresh normal green rhizome Retail price of ADRAKH with local SABZI WALA in Delhi @ Rs.200/-kg during last week of May'14























How about your own home grown organic ginger with a spoon of honey for prevention of common cold n cough !!!!!!!!





PIAZ-Onion,LAHSUN-Garlic and ADRAKH -Ginger are used extensively for gravy.These are added with various oils for frying vegetables.Try to use polyunsaturated oil (corn or sunflower oil) or monounsaturated oil (olive or rapeseed).

DOODH aur GHEE khaane se sehat bantee hai - Milk and Ghee are always good for health.Milk provides Protein,Carbohydrate,Fat and Calcium,whereas Ghee contain Fat only.





Ghee (Milk Fat - a Dairy Product) contain Saturated fats (which are bad for our health) in double amount of their Unsaturated fat content.


Milkfood is a good name in branded ghee.In Delhi, retail chains like More sold Milkfood Ghee 1Litre Tetra Pack with MRP Rs.375/- at a retail selling price of Rs.334/-,while the same pack could be bought at Rs.325/- from a local grocery store in the same locality during June'14.



Ghee is good only when it is milk fat and not VANASPATI Ghee(e.g.DALDA brand of  vansapati ghee) which is availble in retails markets three times cheaper than dairy ghee.Vanaspati ghee is manufactured from partially hydrogenated permitted vegetable oils. It is normally white colored with bold grains.Cotton seed oil,Rapeseed Oil,Soybean  oil or Palm Oil are commonly made solid to make vegetable(vanaspati) ghee,which resembles to appearance and texture of milk fat (dairy ghee).


What do we normally look for in our cooking oil !!!!!!!



Some of the popularly used cooking oils are mustard sarson oil,canola oil, coconut oil, sunflower oil,safflower oil, rice bran oil, soybean oil, olive oil, corn oil,palm oil and sesame oil. 


                                         



Soyabean oil is low in Cholesterol and Carbohydrate.Brands like Nature Fresh Acti-lite Refined Soyabean Oil 1 Litre pack with MRP Rs.132/- was available in retail markets at average retail price of Rs.100/- while Fortune Refined Soyabean Oil 5 Litre pack with MRP Rs.595/- was available at a retail price of R.460/-  during May'14.
















































  
SARSON/raaee Desi,African Sarson,Gobhi Sarson,Toria, Raya Sarson are some examples of  mustard rai types.Mustard oil is best choice when looking FAT in your nutrition.It contains 100 per cent fat but no protein.Mustard SARSON oil is high in Selenium,Magnesium and Vitamin B Complex.It also has anti-inflammatory properties.





               


Kanodia is a very old brand amongst oils available in markets of Delhi.During May'14 Nature Fresh Kachi Ghani Pure Mustard Oil 1 Litre pack with MRP Rs.137/-,Nutrela Kachi Ghani Pure Mustard Oil 1 Litre pack with MRP Rs.150/- and Fortune Kachi Ghani Pure Mustard Oil 1 Litre pack with MRP Rs.134/- were available in retail markets at average retail price of Rs.110/-.





Canola oil is also popular nowadays.Canola plant is a genetic variation of Rapeseed (Brassica napus),a bright yellow flowering member of the mustard or cabbage family.Jivo is a brand name of Canola Oil.

                                        


JIVO CANOLA REFINED OIL 1 Litre pack with MRP Rs.375/- in the month of May'14 were available in Delhi markets at a retail price of Rs 288/-.


SUNFLOWER/Suryamukhi/SOORAJ MUKHI kee January sowing kar dee hai na !!!!!! agar baaki hai toh sow the crop in rows 60 cm apart with plant to plant spacing of 30 cm.PSH 996 and PSH 569 varieties are of low height,mature early and have good seed yield.













 




Sunflower oil has been used in cooking for a long times.It is rich in certain phytochemicals such as choline and phenolic acid, which are beneficial heart. There are polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats present in sunflower oil, along with vitamins,sunflower oil provides a perfect balance of monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids, making it the perfect oil to reduce the levels of bad cholesterol.
                                  
                                                                  




  
For example,Sundrop (Agro Tech Foods Ltd.) is a popular brand.Sundrop Superlite is a 100% Sunflower oil.Sundrop Goldlite is a blend of 60% Sunflower and 40% Corn oils.Sundrop Heart is a blend of Rice Bran (80%) and Sunflower (20%) oils.Sundrop Nutrilite is 100% Soyabean oil.

SAFFLOWER
Kusum, Kusumbh safflower Carthamus tinctorius oil is blended with rice bran oil in a synergistic ratio.Rice bran oil is known to be highest cholesterol lowering oil.






















A formula of 80% Rice Bran Oil (RBO) and 20% Safflower Oil (Kardi oil) is widely used 

and it is more than four times richer in antioxidants than blended oils or pomace olive 

oil .Safflower blended rice bran based oil(e.g.Saffola brand)  normally available between 

Rs.180-190/- per litre.

Wheat bran is one of the most highly nutritious cereals.The fiber occupies space in the body that would otherwise be filled by food,so, fiber-rich foods can help you lose and manage your weight.

                          
                   


                        


Sundrop Healthy World 100% Pure Rice bran 5 Litre pack with MRP Rs.575 was available at a retail price of R.520/-during the month of May'14, while Fortune Rice Bran Health Oil 5 Litre pack with MRP Rs.575/- was available at a retail price of R.550/- and 1 litre pack MRP Rs.115/- was sold in retail at Rs.100/- .
Rice bran oil is more than six times richer in antioxidants than blended oils or pomace olive oil.


PALM OIL - Palmolein is a classic example of brand 




African oil palm,Elaeis guineensis is planted commercially to produce palm oil.
Another source of oil is Olive fruits.Extra virgin olive oil is collected from the first pressing of the olives, and contains the most nutrients. Virgin olive oil is collected from the second pressing. Pomace is the ground pulp(solid remains) left over from pressing olive for oil extraction.

Our body produces free radicals,these are harmful chemicals produced within the body.If not removed they might lead to heart disease.Antioxidants present in edible oils is one of the tools to fight free radicals.Olive Oil ( Olea europaea) contains antioxidants and are available in wide varieties in Indian  markets.A olive pomace oil is normally available between Rs.550-560/litre.Oleev brand Pomace Olive Oil 1 Litre pack with MRP Rs.650/- were seen available in retail between Rs.350/- to Rs.400/- per litre .


COCONUT

Coconut water, fresh fruit juice and fresh lime water are good for our skin.
COCONUT WATER and SNOW BALL TENDER NUT after morning walk,use of COCOPEAT in Gardening,HAIR OIL after bath,KERNEL in PRASAD after Puja,virgin COCONUT oil,Milk,Vinegar,Jaggery,Powder,Cream,Copra,CHIPS , COCOCONUT CANDY, buiscuits and COIR MATRESS for bed..............aur KYA-KYA kaha jayen.......aap sab jaante hain.U know everything.




























IMAGINE how many days in a year we DO NOT USE COCONUT...............





Inflorescence....flower..whorl....COCONUT





COCONUT nariyal Plant grown in POT in Balcony Gardening in DELHI for ORNAMENTAL purpose






Vegetable prices when remain stable for a longer period gives relief na !!!!! Potato price with some retailers in Delhi is still the same as they were 6 months ago





POTATO - Kufri Chipsona,Kufri Bahar,Kufri Pukhraj etc are popular.TAKE care in DISEASE management.Mancozeb 75 % WP-which brand r u using this year -Dithane M-45(Dow Agro);Indofil M-45; Crystal M-45; Sparsh(Biostadt); Macoban(MAgan); Hindustan M 45(HPM); Sinozeb(Sinochem).Mancozeb Flowable 35% SC (Liquid) - Flowin- HT(Indofil) ya HYDROMAN(Sulphur Mills) kaun sa use karne ka plan hai for preventive spray.

 
 



Carbendazim 12 % + Mancozeb 63 % WP – which brand r u using this year to have healthy potatoes-Companion(Indofil); SAAF(UPL);Sixer(Dhanuka); Stuff(HPM); Sure(Crystal); Bendaco(Biostadt);Care(Insecticide India); Polir(Sinochem).

Whenever we think of Indian food,one thing which appears in our minds is Haldi -Turmeric.

Haldi- turmeric powder,Chilli powder and masalas make our food complete in taste and easily digestible too.


Powdered roots after drying and curing are used in kitchen.






Fresh turmeric rhizomes are also eaten along with salads.This chewing brings relief to sore throat too.





























Haldi enjoys the priviledge of being on top in the list of dadi ma ke gharelu health tips.



 It is not always necessary that we purchase fresh green turmeric from market.It can be grown in pots too.









NUTRITION basePlants 







  
Walnuts AKHROT are good sources of minerals like zinc and selenium that promote the general health of the skin including acne and pimples


  
SHAKARKAND Sweet Potato (Ipomoea batatas) is believed to have indirect role in prevention of heart attacks as it contains vitamin B6.


Besides, sweet potato-a dicot..plant..from the Convolvulaceae family...yams..are..also..cultivated for the consumption of their starchytubers..true yams are starchier and drier..and..are  monocots..from the Dioscoreaceae family




Arrowroot -Maranta arundinacea powder is used to get relief in case of gastrointestinal ailments.It is also an excellent substitute for cornstarch and flour as a thickening agent in sauces, gravies, pie fillings, and puddings.Those patients who require a no protein diet can also eat foods prepared from arrowroot.



Tapioca is a starch extracted from the cassava (Manihot esculenta)  root and is used in culinary applications as a thickener and binding agent..It's...an..tuberous edible plant of the spurge family 




Protein and Carbohydrates are seen first to compare  the nutritional value of any food product.Carbohydrates build our body mass and protein are required for making dole -shole and other muscles.Besides this regular or intensive routine exercise is required for building our body and maintain the right shape.


 




KUTTU  KA  AATA, Singhara  ka  Aata, RAGI,Oats, RAJGIRA, Bajra, JOWAR, Samak, KEENWA BATHUA and BARLEY ------Dietician and NUTRITIONISTS know their worth





Oats - JAIEE-----------Source of Fibre
Ragi -MADDUA -NachnisEleusine coracanaRich in Calcium
Barley-JAOHorleum vulgareHelps in tackling Diabetes- Low Glycemic Index
Buckwheat - KUTTU AataFagopyrum esculentumProtein rich -Contains 8 Amino Acids
Quinoa - Keenwah BATHUChenopodium quinoaProtein rich -Contains all kinds of  Amino Acids
RajgiraAmaranthus cruentusContains EAA Lysine and also Reduces Cholesterol
Bajra-Pearl Millet-----------Rich in Vitamins
Jowar-Sorghum-----------Rich in Vitamin B Complex
SWANK/Bhagar/SAMOEchinochloa colonumRich in Vitamins
Singhara Aata - Water ChestnutTrapa natans var bispinosaRich in Cabohydrate 


Black Coffee during EXAMS !!!!!!!...........u too have tried this na !!!!!!!!!!


 
COFFEE Fruit - favorite among FITNESS Conscious people.........









this is true that COFFEE helps to remain slim up to some level.......but too much of it is also not good for health.

COFFEE after pizza !!!!! No not a cool idea na...........we normally prefer Non- Alcoholic cold drinks with these kinds of foods.




Sometimes, we enjoy alcoholic beverages while enjoying a party.Beer, wine, whiskey, vodka, rum, etc. are DEPRESSANTS,Good HEALTH and FITNESS is a STIMULATIVE process therefore both can not work together.







BARLEY and GRAPES contribute most as raw material for production of alcoholic drinks.


BARLEY known as JAU is used as nutritive plant and has spiritual significance too.
 










LOSAR village in SPITI valley on KAZA route.Barley varieties like BHS 380 (Pusa Losar) and BHS 352 (Himadri) grown in the Himalayan regions often yield between 2-2.5 Qtl/Bigha.


BARLEY is used for malting and the Malt extract is commonly used in the brewing of beer.

  
GRAPES whereas is first choice of wine industry.Australian wines like Jacob's Creek,Bass Phillip,Bindi and some other brands from Australian regions such as Mornington Peninsula(Ocean Eight),the Barossa Valley,near Adelaide  hills(Penfolds-Grange) or the Yarra valley (De Bortoli) are lesser known than the great wine regions of France like Bordeaux,Champagne,Burgunday and the Rhone valley.Sparkling wine Domaine Chandon from Australia is also popular.




Bordeaux is well known to most of fruit orchard owners in India as a fungicide Bordeaux Mixture and it's paste is hugely popular over here.During mid 1880s,Pierre-Marie-Alexis Millardet, a French botanist and then the Professor of Botany at Bordeaux University, one day,while walking the vineyards of Ducru-Beaucaillou in the Bordeaux region he noticed a curious thing that vines closest to the roads did not show downy mildew disease symptoms, while all other vines were affected. After inquiries, he found out those vines had been sprayed with a mixture of CuSO4 and lime to deter passersby from eating the grapes, since this treatment was both visible and bitter-tasting.This disease threatened to wipe out wine making in France in the 1860s – and with it would have set back oenology(the science and study of all aspects of wine and winemaking except vine-growing and grape-harvesting) for decades, maybe even centuries as the fungus spread.The mixture, now known as the “Bordeaux mixture” is well known as the first effective fungicide and this formula is widely used today also, all over the world.So,if you are having a glass of wine today, do raise the glass to Pierre-Marie-Alexis Millardet and his co-workers who made it possible.

Coming back to wines,New Zealand also has some good wines like Ata Rangi,Felton Road wines,Saint Clair and Villa Maria.When we think of United States,Napa Valley in California is known for good wines.Amarone, Barolo, Bunello di Montalcino, and Passito di Pantelleria are few names of Italian wines.Tuscany is the most famous of all Italian wine regions






Grapes can be eaten directly as table purpose,used for making wines and are dried to make raisins.Few examples in the category of table purpose are Red Globe,Thompson Seedless,California varieties,Manjari Naveen, while Pusa Navrang and Flame seedless varieties are good for Juice making process. 


Grapes for Champagne.....Chardonnay,Pinot Nair,Chenin blanc,Shiraz/Syrah are chosen ones.Mixing of Shiraz and Pinot Noir grapes make a delightful wine.Champagne is the region of France to which entire French Sparkling wine industry may owe all credits for making that industry global.Sparkling wine is prepared by two methods.
1.VAT process- Wine is prepared and fermented in large drums.
2.Traditional Method- this method is termed by French wine industry as Methode Champenoise.In this method sparkling wine is prepared by fermenting in individual bottles.
Traditional method is expensive than VAT process and possibly one of the reasons to determine price of Champagne wine.


Chandon (white/blanc/rose),Dom Perignon,Marquise de Pompadour,Grand crus,Chivas Regal,Scotch Royal Salute,Passport,Black Label,Glenlivet,Black Dog,Johny walker,Teacher or Blenders pride,Solan No 1,Black Knight,Red knight,Blended Whisky,Japanese Malt Whisky,Vodka,Agave Tequila,White Rum,Havana club Rum,Hendricks Gin..............all for u to enjoy.Also,KEEP IN MIND that ADDICTION is always harmful.Champagne,Scotch whisky or Beer should be consumed at your own health risk..





Cultlvation and After care of Grapes is an brain storming and painstaking achievement of humble farmers.When ever we see grapes,the first think which immediately strikes mind is wine.

Mainly Blanc(white) and Red(with Rose smell)  versions of wine are popular.Grape varieties like Sauvignon Blanc and Chenin Blanc are used make sweet white(Blanc ) wine,while on the other hand Red wine having Rose smell are made from Cabernet Sauvignon,Shiraz(Syrah) and Merlot varieties of grapes.

TEQUILA drink pasand karte hain aap !!!!!!!!



Agave tequilana, commonly called blue agave or tequila agave.This is used in the production of the distilled spirit Tequila.It is a distilled beverage made from an agave cultivar,found in Indian Mountains also, the blue agave plant primarily in the area surrounding the city of Tequila,65 km northwest of Guadalajara, and in the highlands of the western Mexican state. 











Jatropha biodiesel plant leaves are also used for dressing wounds,oil may be used as an organic insecticide.
















Karanj (Pongamia pinnata) a bio-diesel plant,it's oil may also be used as medicine in skin diseases even like Psoriasis






The oil from Jatropha curcas is mainly converted into biodiesel.
Kullu - Manali in HIMACHAL ghoom aaye aap.MUMMY- a preserved dead body.The only MUMMY in India
I am fortunate to have visited this village while on a search for medicinal plants of the Himalayas in the trans-himalayan regions of India.This is in the one of the villages of Spiti (Himachal Pradesh).One has to reach village named Geu,approximately 10 km from Giu naala and connected with link road between Sumdo and Tabo, located near the Indo-Tibet border to see the naturally preserved unique Mummy, which is more than 500 years old and is an attraction for the visitors. The village Geu is situated at a height of approx 10,000 feet above the sea level. 
























The mummy in the village is placed in a room constructed on a hilltop. It is believed that this mummy is of a Lama-Buddhist monk, who died at the age of around 45 years and was found in a sitting posture in the mudra of Samadhi.
MEDICINAL PLANTS OF the HIMALAYAS
S.Nolocal namegenuspart usedtreats
1atisaconitumdried rootscold
2churaangelica dried rootsheart
3ratanjotarnebiadried rootsblood
4phunkar burtseartimesiadried fruitsdeworming
5kala jeeracarumseed powderdigestion
6salampanjadactylorhizadried rootskidney
7somlataephedradried leavesliver
8jangli daturahyoscyamusseed powdertoothache
9manuinuladried rootsbody pain
10karoopicrorhizadried rootsfever
11bankakripodophyllumdried fruitsuterus
12artsorheumdried rootsconstipation
13kuthsaussureadried rootscough
 MY TRIPS OF EXPLORATION of HIMALAYAS and Medicinal Plants
Most of these are practised in "SWARIGPA"- Tibetan System of Medicine

  Meetha/Banwa (Aconitum balfourri); Ratanjot (Arnebia euchroma); Fankamal (Saussurea gossypiphora ); Atis (Aconitum heterophyllum) on left

 


Atis (Aconitum heterophyllum);Dolu (Rheum australe) and Salam Panja (Dactylorhiza hatagirea) on right.

 

Dhoop (Juniperus indica); Lhook-rhoo Karpoh (Pedicularis bicornuta); Shoma (Verbascum thapsus) n Somlata (Ephedra gerardiana)



 Shoh-rhoo Karpoh (Pedicularis verticillata);Dolu (Rheum australe); Choru(Angelica glauca);Lhook-rhoo Karpoh (Pedicularis bicornuta) 



Gentiana, Potentilla, Fragaria sp. above in pic;Artemesia silver leaves) and Hyssopus sp. are common Medicinal Plants found in the Himalayas.

HIMACHAL TREKKING ROUTE- KEYLONG TO PANGI
TREKKING ROUTE-KAZA TO GEU







SPITI (Himachal )



Delhi ( 239 m)



Manali (2050 m)



Rohtang



Kunzum la (14,800 ft/4,500 m).



Lossar



Hansa



Kyato



Hal



Murling



Rangrik


KazaKaza (3686m)Kaza

Tabo Monastery
Kee

Geu(Mummy)
Kibber



Langza



Hikkim(15,500 ft)



Komik



RangrikRangrik





Lalung



Dhankar



Attargu



Kungri Monastery



Gyuling



Khar










Sagnam(PIN Valley)












Me in HIKKIM- The village with highest Post Office in the worldsituated in SPITI valley of Himachal Pradesh.Geographically Lahaul and Spiti is the largest district but the population density of this place is very low.The administrative headquarters of district consisting two valleys Lahaul and Spiti is located in KEYLONG in LAHAUL Valley





HIKKIM - The village with Highest Post Office in the World.
UTTARAKHAND earlier known as Uttaranchal
TREKKING ROUTE TO MILAM
TREKKING ROUTE TO TAPOVAN(GOMUKH)
Gangotri is approachable by bus from Delhi.

After that one has to be on foot.Support is available - Horses and Porter.First base camp is Bhojwasa-14 kms from Gangotri.Tent accomodation and Dormitories are available.Thenext day one can move towards gomukh.On reaching gomukh glacier the base may be TAPOVAN.Approx 200 m height on the opposite side of Gomukh.Utmost care should be taken while crossing the Gomukh glacier when going to Tapovan,as there is a danger of slide and breaking of glacier. 



See the Gomukh Glacier splitting into two pieces while we were crossing for the other side of it to reach
Tapovan.Bhagirath,Split Gomukh,Gomukh and Tapovan make a magnificient view.

GANGOTRI to GOMUKH




On the left of Gomukh tourists can see Bhagirath while on the right is Tapovan.
There are two huts in tapovan which lodging and fooding is availble on payment.
One hut is of Israeli Baba- A lady from Israel turned Hindu saint and settled there.
The other hut is of Bengali Baba,now his wife was managing.
Late Baba ,can be seen in photographs removing snow cover of his hut ,
with spade.in the photograph even during chilled winter of Himalayas ,
during the season when a normal tourist is seen in tons of woolen clothes,
while the bengali baba was in only Dhoti-the tranditonal dress of saints.
The power was believed to be because of the Yoga he practised

ACONITUM - This is the rarest plant myself was fortunate enough to locate few.



Aconitum heterophyllum
HERBARIUM


DACTYLORHIZA- A very potent medicine in practice.

Dactylorhiza                                                 Ephedra sp.

EPHEDRA-A plant very much in use for blood related ailments. 
UNIVERSALLY the name Ephedra is well known among WWE fans as a good FAT BURNER.

Piccrorhizha kurroa

PICRORHIZA-Kurro easily accesible throuh traders,difficullt to identify in its natural habitat.


2010 Photo of THE Nursery and Same Medicinal Plant sown and  FENCED by me and my colleagues when we working as an employee of a development organization during  2003-04



















Same Nursery IN 2003 next day after fencing and sowing.Same Nursery IN 2004 soon after melting of snow.Same plants sown by us of Medicinal Value were seen till 2010.


 
   
One thing which attracted me most in Spiti is the only MUMMY in India.A place of worship for local people and tourists.This body is assumed to be more than 200 years old of an Lama- a Buddhist monk who was found in the mudra of Samadhi.
This is in the remotest village of Spiti  and is named GEU.On this route from KAZA to GEU we can visit TABO which one of the very famous and old monastries.


You can see black utensils in the pic of a home kitchen in Spiti.The intersting aspect is that these black utensils are made up of  PATHTHAR ,meaning "ROCK".These utensils keep the food hot more longer than utensils of other material.This ia a feature very apprecited in snowfall belts like this.



In the Cold Deserts of Himalayas one can come know about Snow Leopards and Ibex.
In Keylong,the headquarter of Lahaul and Spiti district one Hotel is also named Ibex.






     



In Keylong also one can see IBEX playing on the hills.The Keylong looks pretty green with full of lush green vegetation which turns milky white during winter.This change of colour is the real beauty of Lahaul and Spiti.The people are of very good and supportive nature.Children are shy everywhere.
The table where these three kids posed for me reminds of the day when Pooja Bhatt a famous female actor of Bollywood had her lunch here, some noodles and a chocolate bar on her way to shoot a movie called PAAP.All vehicles having a sticker of Fish Eye Network carrying.Besides Pooja Bhatt, i could not  recognise any body.Udita Goswami who was playing lead role in the movie,was accompanying her,whose name i could know after the move was released.




In Kaza there was a restaurant owned by a very humble Tibetan Lady where 3-4 members of PAAP movie team used to have some pastime often chatting with us. One day while sitting in the same restaurant talking to to those daily visitors of Fish Eye Network team One actor fatman from Australia,second who played the role of Lama Norbu in the movie.I was staring at third man for few second talking to the australian,exerting pressure on my mind where had i seen the third man.
Then after asking a colleague i cam to know that the man is Munir Makhija,very popular VJ on Channel  MTV anchor as Udham Singh.

It was published later in some newspaper that he and Pooja got married to each other a  few months after release of Paap movie.
There were several oppotunities to see these actors often shopping local artefacts and Tibetan ornaments.
Durind those days mobile phones did not worked in Kaza and there was only one STD PCO which was  the only option for any tourist therefore celebrities were often approachable. 


TRILOKNATH temple during snowfall.This temple is worshipped by Hindus and Budhists both.Situated in Lahaul district of Himachal Pradesh

Somesh Jha also offers Consultancy to Farmers
1.WHEAT GRASS juice - HEALTH benefits not INSURANCE in this form offered by many shops @ Rs.30/Day in Delhi
 
2. COTTON/Kapas/NARMA kee beemarion par bhee dhyan dein........diseases may reduce yield drastically
3. Jouna - DHAAN- Rice - PADDY ke khet KADDU - Puddling karne ke liya PANI to hai na
4.Mango-AAM- Kairy-CHAUSA,ALPHONSO(haafus),RITOL,ZARDALU,FAZRI,SAFEDA(banganapalli)............kuch bhee khaa legne aap par KEASR ka to apna maza hai
4.Banana- Kela- BODY BUILDERS aur GYM jaane waalon kee PEHLI pasand
5.APPLE Green Tip Stage - Spray of fungicides like Dodine
   
AGRO CONSULTANCY and Site Visit Services
FARM n ORCHARD HEALTH INSPECTION VISITS
FACEBOOK/Agriculturedelhigardening 

agroconsultantsdelhi@gmail.com

1 PLANT PROTECTION Advice
2 Fertilizer and Pesticide recommendations
3 Advice in setting up of PESTICIDE Shops
4 Advice in FIELD ACTIVITIES with farmers

PACKAGE –1- TELEPHONE GUIDE
(Four telephonic advices of 10 mins each call duration per month)
FEES will be on MONTH basis.

PACKAGE –2- VISIT LOCATION AND GUIDE

FEES will be on PER visit basis.
1.FEES on per day basis ( 9 am to 5 pm )
2.Travel expense to and from Delhi as per actuals.
3.Lodging expenses as per actuals
3.For Visit Confirmation half fee payment in advance

On Call VISITS to farmers


MANGO Orchard Management

MANGO hopper,Mealy bug,Powdery mildew n Anthracnose...........DO THEY frighten u !!!!!!!!!!


MANGO Inflorescence - It's time for bloom to be at peak stage.AAM ke BOUR/Manjar ka khayal rakh rahe na !!!!!!!!!! 
 







































PHOOL aur PHAL kee sankhya mein bahut JYADA ANTAR naa aane paye.MANGO management is on na !!!! MANGO MALFORMATION - Jhumka/Banjha ROG se bachane ke liye ANA,Propargite ya Crbenadazim+Mancozeb Combo !!!!!!!! KYA spray kiya aapne.





CHAUSA,ALPHONSO(hapus),RITOL,ZARDALU,FAZLI,SAFEDA(banganapalli).....................................kuch bhee khaa legne aap par KESAR ka to apna maza hai.







KESAR MANGO prices may reach even upto Rs.30/- per PIECE during MANGO FESTIVALS in markets like DILLI HAAT


Out of more than 1000 varieties of mangoes grown in India,varieties namely Banganpalli(other names like Baneshan, Chappattai , Safeda),Dussheri,Chausa,Totapuri and Kesar mangoes can be easily found in local markets in Delhi.




Other varieties like Alphonso,Kishen bhog,Gulab Khas,Husnara,Himasagar,Kensington and Amrapali may require some exercise in search.




APPLE GROWERS



An apple a day keeps the doctor away!!!!!!!!!!!!!



This is not the kind of apple talked about to keep the doctor away.. Lets have a look at some healthy apples.

.

Oblate shaped,medium sized AMERICAN TREL apple 

variety is sweet


.


GOLDEN DELICIOUS APPLE variety is really juicy n crispy ...








l
AMBRI KASHMIRI is the most popular apple in Kashmir region


l
White Dotted Red MAHARAJI variety of Apple 



l

Royal Delicious variety is truly royal






RED DELICIOUS apple variety is world renowned and most widely grown cultivar

.


.
Cherry Apple(a pollinator),Royal Delicious,Vance Delicious,Red Chief,Scarlet Gala,Red Delicious....which one would u like to..enjoy
.





Yes, these are the ones which keep us healthy.What makes them good and healthy apples let's find out.

1.HYGIENE OF THE ORCHARD















WEEDS - not only compete with our plants and cultivations,but also harbor several other PESTS and PATHOGENS

















2.GOOD VARIETIES





3.BALANCED NUTRITION


4.SUCCESSFUL PEST MANAGEMENT
MANAGEMENT of Insects Pests
What did u spray this season in Apple Orchard to prevent from Insect attack -Hexythiazox e.g.Maiden(Biostadt)or Fenpyroximate e.g.Sedna(Tata Rallis) or Fenzaquin e.g.Magister(Du Pont)


MANAGEMENT of Diseases in Orchard
What did u spray this season in Apple Orchard to prevent from diseases -Pyraclostrobin+Metiram combo e.g.Cabrio Top (BASF); Zineb+Hexaconazole Combo e.g.Avtar(Indofil) or Kresoxim Methyl e.g. Ergon(Tata Rallis)

Main Plant ChemicalsTrade NameMarketed By
Captan 70%+Hexaconazole 5%WPTaqat(TATA Rallis)Tata RALLIS
Carbendazim 12 % + Mancozeb 63 % WPSAAFUnited Phosphorus Ltd.
Carbendazim 50 WPBAVISTINBASF India Ltd.
Copper hydroxide 77 WPKocideDu Pont
Copper Oxychloride 50 WPBlitoxTata RALLIS
Difenconazole 25 ECSCORESyngenta India Ltd
Dinocap 48%ECKarathaneDow Agro
Dodine 65 % WPNOORIndofil
FenarimolRubiganDu Pont
Flusilazole 40 ECNUSTARDu Pont
Hexaconazole 4% + Zineb 68% WPAvtarIndofil
Iprodione 25%+Carbendazim 25% WPQUINTALBayer
Kresoxim methyl 500SCErgon 44.3% SCTata RALLIS
Mancozeb 75 % WPDithane M-45Dow Agro
Mancozeb Flowable 35% SC (Liquid)Flowin- HTIndofil
Metiram 55% + Pyraclostrobin 5% WG (FI)Cabrio TOP 60%WGBASF India Ltd.
Penconazole 10 ECTOPASSyngenta India Ltd
StreptocyclineStreptocyclineCrystal Phosphates
Streptomycin + Tetracycline (90+10)CristocyclineCrystal Phosphates
Thiophanate Methyl 70WPTOPSINSyngenta India Ltd
Tricyclazole 75 %ForceInsecticide India
Tricyclazole 18% + Mancozeb 62% WPMERGERIndofil
Validamycin 3LSheathmarDhanuka
Ziram 27 SLCuman LSyngenta
Tricyclazole 75 %BEAMDow Agro
Kasugamycin 3% SLKasu-BDhanuka
Propiconazole 25 ECTILTSyngenta India Ltd
Validamycin 3LSheathmarDhanuka
Copper Oxychloride 50 WPBlitoxTata RALLIS
Mancozeb 75 % WPDithane M-45Dow Agro
Carbendazim 50 WPBAVISTINBASF India Ltd.
Azoxystrobin 23 % SCAmistarSyngenta India Ltd
Benomyl 50% WPBenlateDu Pont
Biorational molecule with 2.62% copper sulphateShieldPI Industries Ltd.
Bitertanol 25 WPBAYCORBayer
Boron 20 %Liberal BORONCiba Du Pont
Captan 50 WPCaptraIndofil
Carbendazim 46.27 % SC (Liquid)Pearl-46.27% SCSulphur Mills
CarboxinVitavaxDhanuka
Chlorothalonil 75 WPKAVACHSyngenta India Ltd
Cymoxanil 22.1 % SC+ Famoxadone 16.6 %EquationDu Pont
Cymoxanil 8%+ Mancozeb 64% WPCURZATE M8Du Pont
Dimethomorph 50 WPAcrobatBASF India Ltd.
DithianonDelanBASF India Ltd.
Fosetyl AL-80 WPALIETTEBayer
Hexaconazole 5 % WP + Captan 70 %TAQATTata RALLIS
Hexaconazole 5 % ECContafTata RALLIS
IsoprothiolaneFujioneTata RALLIS
Mandipropamid 23.4% SCREVUSSyngenta India Ltd
MEMC 6%BAGALOL-6United Phosphorus Ltd.
Metalaxyl 8% + Mancozeb 64% WPRIDOMIL MZSyngenta India Ltd
Metalaxyl-M 3.3% + Chlorothalonil 33.1% SC
Metiram 70% WGPOLYRAMBayer
Myclobutanil 10 % WPSysthaneDow Agro
OrysostrobinArashiBASF India Ltd.
PencycuronMONCERENBayer
ProchlorazSportakBASF India Ltd.
Propiconazole 13.9% + Difenoconazole 13.9% ECInspire XTSyngenta India Ltd
Propineb 70 WPANTRACOLBayer
ProxymidoneSumilexSumitomo Chemicals
PyraclstrobinCABRIOBASF India Ltd.
Sulphur 80 WPTHIOVITSyngenta India Ltd
Tebuconazole 2 DSRAXILBayer
Tebuconazole 50% + Trifloxystrobin 25% WG (FI)NATIVO 75 WGBayer
Tebuconazole Liquid 250 % ECFolicurBayer
Tetraconazole 11.6 %Mettle 125 MEIsagro (Asia)
ThiramHexathir (Parry chemicals), Vegfra thiram (Pesticides India), Thiride (IEL).
Tolclofos MethylRizolexSumitomo Chemicals
Tridemorph 80 ECCALIXINBASF India Ltd.
Tridimefon 25 WPBAYLETONBayer
TriticonazoleAliosBASF India Ltd.
Zineb 75 WPIndofil Z-78Indofil

Therefore,an apple a day keeps the doctor away lies true only when the apple itself is healthy. 

PADDY RICE jona JIRI dhaan chawal










Pusa Punjab Basmati 1509 variety may yield avg. 18 Qtl/Acre (3.5 Qtl/BIGHA),approx. 2 Qtl/Acre higher yield than Pusa- Basmati 1121.The seeds of Pusa Punjab Basmati 1509 variety are often available in 5 kg packing for Rs.325/- at govt.institutions while the same variety in 8 kg packing of a private company Super Gold Karnal Seeds Farm,Karnal,Haryana were available at Rs.800/- per bag in Delhi on Feb.26, 2014



RICE paddy Local varieties r also popular among food writers.








Non-Aromatic(parmal/non-basmati) Hybrid rice seeds varieties like Bayer Arize 6444 Gold,Pioneer 27P72 and Tata Rallis RPH2 and Hybrid Aromatic(hybrid basmati) Pusa RH10 are popular.Seeds of Pusa RH-10,a short duration and fine grain rice are often available in 2 kg packing for Rs.400/- at govt.institutions.


Fine Gain Aromatic rice Pusa Basmati 6 (1401) - may yield avg.20 Qtl/Acre (4 Qtl/BIGHA) and Pusa Basmati 1 (1460) -avg. yield 22 Qtl/Acre (4.5 Qtl/BIGHA).Seeds of Pusa Basmati 6 (Pusa 1401)  are often available in 5 kg packing for Rs.300/- and 20 kg bag for Rs.1200/- at govt.institutions


 



Direct Seeded/sown non-transplanted Basmati aromatic rice variety Punjab Mehak 1 and Non-Aromatic(parmal/non-basmati) PR 115 are also popular.


Seeds of Non-Aromatic (parmal/non-basmati) PR-121- 30 Qtl/Acre (6 Qtl/BIGHA)  and  PR-122 -33 Qtl/Acre (7 Qtl/BIGHA) variety in 30 kg bag packing of Radhey Krishna Karnal Seed Farm,Karnal,Haryana were available at Rs.900/- per bag in Delhi on Feb.26, 2014


Pusa-44 - approx.av.field yield 33 Qtl/Acre (7 Qtl/BIGHA).Seeds of Pusa 44 are often available in 5 kg packing for Rs.175/- and 30 kg bag for Rs.1050/- at govt.institutions.






                                                                                                                                                      

Seeds of Pusa Basmati 1 (Pusa 1460)  are often available in 5 kg packing for Rs.275/- and 20 kg bag for Rs.1100/- at govt.institutions. Pusa- Basmati 1121 - approx. 16 Qtl/Acre (3.5 Qtl/BIGHA) yielding seeds may be available in 5 kg packing for Rs.300/- and 20 kg bag for Rs.1200/-


PADDY RICE - Non-Chemical Management

Information Source - SRI Secretariat (SDTT),Bhubaneswar
(1) Summer ploughing to expose resting stages of insects
to heat of the sun and predators.
(2) Early and synchronous planting.
(3) Balanced fertilizer application.
(4) Field sanitation to check carryover of pests.
(5) Trap cropping with Basmati rice in transplanted rice (9:1). (6)Avoidance of mono-cropping.
(7) Growing stemborer resistant/tolerant varieties
(8) Strict surveillance of rice fields for pests and defenders.
(9) Mechanical killing of adults and egg mass.
(10) Setting up of light traps to attract and kill adults.
(11) Setting up of bird perches @ 20-25/ha.
(12) Setting up of pheromone traps for YSB @ 20-25/ha.
(13) Release of Trichogramma japonicum against YSB @ 1 lakh / ha starting from 15 days after planting (DAP) at 7-10days intervals 5-6 times.
(14) Spraying of Beauveria bassiana product (Boverin, Biopower, Ankush,Daman, Biorin) @ 1kg/ha against YSB.
(15)Spraying of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) based biopesticidesavailable in the market (Dipel, Delfin,Biodart, Thuricide, Bioasp, Biolep, HIL Btk) @1kg or 1lit/ha.
(16) Putting “karada”(Cleistanthus collinus) leaves in the field @ 200 kg/ha to get rid of YSB.


Seeds of Fine Gain Aromatic rice Pusa Sugandh 5 (Pusa 2511)  are often available in 5 kg packing for Rs.250/- and 20 kg bag for Rs.1000/- at govt.institutions.This variety has excellent aroma and extra long grains,matures in 125-130 days. Pusa sugandh performs well,both in direect and transplanted methods. 






ENQUIRY regarding SEEDS of Dhaan/DHAN/jiri/RICE/Jona/PADDY may be made from following traders -

1. Surinder Pal Singh Khangura, 5 G, Sarabha Nagar,Opp. PAU-Punjab Agricultural University - Gate No. 2,Ferozepur Road,Ludhiana,Phone 0161-5083707;2450773;2453708 Mob-09417003707; Radhey Krishna Karnal Seed Farm,Karnal-09896583809;Ever Grow Karnal Agro Farm -09896583762;Super Gold Karnal Seeds Farm,Karnal,Haryana-09896583695
2. Garg Seed Corporation, SCO Number 7G, Opposite PAU Gate No 2, Ferozepur Road, Ludhiana, Phone 0161-2451220; Mob-09417251220;09417251220;Super Gold Karnal Seed Farm – 09671152838;09896583695

3.Prabhat Seed Traders 4950, Ind., Area, Sector2, Kurukshetra, ,Phone 01744-292684;231684; Mob-09416002684
  
4.KAMBOJ EXPORT, Bajaj Market Indri, Karnal,Phone-0184-2270938

FARMERS ---- Waiting for the day when they r not forced to buy any brand 

Let's pray for the day when they are able to buy brands of their own choice at ONE SHOP ........ON CREDIT ............ at best Market Operating Price..........above all he gets profitable results
 
PADDY RICE Diseases like Sheath Blight r a big concern among farmers.
FARM HEALTH INSPECTION VISITS and GARDENING CLASSES DELHI

e.g.Some brands used in Paddy Rice fields


 
 
Product--------------- Brand------------------- Mfd.by 

Urea ---------------------------------Uttam Neem --------Chambal
Cyhalofop butyl (for nursery)---Wrap Up------------Dhanuka
Pretilachlor----------------------------Rifit-----------------Syngenta
Metsulfuron Methyl------------------Almix--------------Du Pont
Cartap Hydrochloride--------------Padan------------- Coromandel
Imidacloprid--------------------------Confidor---------- Bayer
Dichlorvos -----------------------------Nuvan------------ Syngenta
Thiamethoxam ----------------------Actara -------------Syngenta
Hexaconazole---------------------- Contaf-------------- Tata
Validamycin------------------------- Sheathmar --------Dhanuka
Copper Oxychloride--------------- Blitox --------------Tata
Tricyclazole------------------------- Blastin-------------- Biostadt


PUSA 1121 Basmati;approx.yield 4-5 Qtl/Bigha;Seed Cost Rs.60-70/kg;Seed Rate 2-2.5 kg/bigha;135 days crop.Seed treatment with antibiotics like Streptocycline(HAL) is good for paddy health

 






 

































RICE PADDY HERBICIDES and their Brand Names 

 Rice Paddy-herbicide-.KHARPATWAR NASHAK 
1.Butachlor 50%E.C.-Machete(Sinochem);Dhanuchlor(Dhanuka);TEER(Tata Rallis)
2.Butachlor EW -Fast Mix(Sinochem)
3.Cyhalofop butyl (for nursery) -Wrap Up(Dhanuka) 
4.Nursery -Sofit (Syngenta)-Erase-N (Nagarjuna)
5.Pretilachlor 50%EC-Cater(Sinochem);
Rifit(Syngenta);Craze (Dhanuka);Preet(Tata Rallis);Hifit(HPM);
RIMOVE(Biostadt);Offset(Indofil)
6.Carfentrazone Ethyl 40 % DF-Aim(FMC) ;Nabood(Dhanuka)
7.Anilophos 30 EC-Aniloguard(Gharda)
8.Bensulfuron Methyl 0.6 % + Pretilachlor 6 % GR-Londax Power(Du Pont)
9.Oxadiargyl 80 WP-Topstar(Bayer)
10.Bispyribac Sodium - Adora(Bayer);Nominee(PL Agri Input);Taarak(Tata Rallis);Fuji Gold(Dhanuka)
Some Brands of Cartap Hydrochloride 4 GR used in Paddy Rice fields............. 
e.g.Padan(Coromandel);Caldan(Dhanuka);Dollar(HPM);Nidan(Cryst)al;Cartox(Tata rallis);Beacon(Indofil);Swift(Sinochem
COTTON - Bharti,Yuvraj,Virat,Mahyco,Bayer,Baioseed,Krishidhan etc. which r u planning



Cotton/KAPAS/Narma ke BEEJ kya khareed liye !!!!!!!!!! ..........BOLLGARD I,Bollgard II ya fir FUSION BT..........Kya vichar hain is baar aapke..

Vibha Grand n Vibha 1544 Bollgard II,Mist(NUSUN),Crystal AVVALL-111,SIDHANTH(Crystal Phosphates),Ankur 2534 Bt,Ankur 651 Bt, Ankur 3224, Ankur 3228,Ankur 3066,Ankur 5642 (Ankur Seed);BRL-II,MRC 7017, MRC 7351 Gold,MRC 7361,MRC 7385,MRC 7387, MRC 7371 and MRC 6918( MAHYCO);CTH 2,GK 220, 224, 228, 231 ,GK 244,GK 249 (Ganga Kaveri);IAHH-2,IAHH-178 (Indo American);JKCH 99, JK INDRA, JKCH 2245, JK 8665, JKCH 8836 JKCH 34 and Durga BG II (JK Agri-Genetics);KCH 707, KCH 14K59, KCH 15K39, KCH 999, KCH 100, KCH 172 (Kaveri Seed);KDCHH 02, KDCHH 722 RACHH 011, RACHH 353, RACHH 533,Border 507,Pancham 541 (Krishidhan Seeds);NACHH 10, NACHH 32,NAMCOT 621 ,NAMCOT 627 , NAMCOT 803 (Namdhari Seeds);NBC 3 (Nath Biogene);NCS 138, 865, 866, 950, 954, 955, 9025, 9030, 856, 858, 929 (Nuziveedu Seed);PRCH 701, 703, 724, 725 (Pravardhan Seeds);RCH 656, RCH 20 and RCHB 625 (Rasi Seeds);SP 911, SP 7157, SP 1171,SP 7149 ,SP 7230(Bayer Bioscience);Steplon BG-II (Cry1Ac+Cry2Ab),Sudharsan, EGCH, Atal, Krishna, Brahma (Monsanto);Tulasi 117, Tulasi 171,Tulasi-252,Tulasi-45,Tulasi-333,Tulasi 216, 234, 243 BT cotton hybrids (Tulasi Seed);VBCH 1539 BGII and VBCH 1543 BGII (Vibha Agrotech);ZCH 501, ZCH 502, ZCH 503, ZCH 508 & ZCH 541 (Zuari Seeds)




WEED Management in COTTON - 
For controlling weeds,give one hoeing/inter culture about 45 days after sowing to control the weeds.
spray herbicide like
1.Pyrithiobac Sodium e.g.Hitweed(Godrej);Staple(Du Pont) n Pyrimax(M'Agan) and
2.Propaquizafop 10 EC e.g.Society(Indofil) n Agil(M'Agan)

At the time of spray, there should be sufficient moisture in the soil


Cotton crop is highly sensitive to standing water during early growth stages.  Hence, drain out the excess water from the cotton fieldsUproot and destroy leaf curl infected American cotton plants upto initiation of fruiting phase. Protect the crop against white fly vector by using recommended insecticides 







COTTON

A number of fungal disease are observed in kharif crops surrounding cotton fields which serve as reservoir of plant disease inoculum.
Powdery mildew diseases in several crops may be managed by application of Azoxystrobin 23 % SC (Amistar,Syngenta;One Star,Dhanuka) or Flusilazole 40 EC(Nustar,Du Pont;Cursor,Dhanuka).Many other plant diseases may bemanged by using combination formulations like Carbendazim+Flusilazole(Lustre,Dhanuka).Several Leaf blight diseases in many crops may be managed by using Metiram 70 WG (Sanit,PI Industries;Polyram(Bayer)

INSECT PESTS IN COTTON- To protect the crop from boll worm and tobacco caterpillar damage, the insecticides like Chlorantriniliprole 18.5 SL e.g.Coragen(Du Pont) should be sprayed when the damage inside fruiting bodies exceed 5 % and thereafter spray as and when need arises.




SYNTHETIC PYRETHROIDS are used on cotton for the control of boll worm complex.Do not use synthetic pyrethroids when the crop becomes 120- 130 days old.Leaf sucking insects like Red mites may be managed by using Danfuron (Danfuron 240 SC,Dhanuka) or Propargite 57 EC(Omite,Dhanuka;Simba,PI Ind).Imidacloprid 30.5 EC(Super Media,Dhanuka; Pollard,Bharat Insecticides) can also be used..Several borer kind of larvae can be managed by applying Flubendiamide 39 SC(Fame,Bayer;Fluid,Dhanuka)Very early instar stages of larva may be managed by applying Emamectin Benzoate 1.9% SC(Billo,Crystal).




Do not allow cotton crop to  suffer  for  want  of water during  flowering and fruiting stages, otherwise  a  lot  of  shedding  of  flowers  and  bolls will take place resulting in poor yield







FARM khet n ORCHARD HEALTH INSPECTION VISITS
FACEBOOK/Agriculturedelhigardening 
PLANT PROTECTION Advice services
  

PESTICIDES..........the road to good health through disease free food,fruits n vegetables............Organic or Chemical is a matter of choice.........but unbiased understanding is a must






COMBINATION PESTICIDES r popular

BRAND NameCHEMICAL Combination
Avtaar(Indofil)Hexaconazole 4%+ Zineb 68%WP
Cabrio Top(Bayer)Metiram 55% + Pyraclostrobin 5% WG
Caesar(Du Pont)Indoxacarb 14.5%+ Acetamprid 7.7% SC
Coranda (Tata Rallis)Acephate 25% +  Fenvalerate 3% EC
Curzate(Du Pont)Cymoxanil 8%+ Mancozeb 64%WP
Equation(Du Pont)Cymoxanil 8%+ Famoxadone 16.6%
Folio Gold(Syngenta)Metalaxyl 3.3%+ Chlorothalonil 33% SC
Inspire XT(Syngenta)Propiconazole + Difenconazole 
Koranda (Tata Rallis)Chlorpyriphos 50%+ Cypermethrin 5% EC
Lancer Gold(UPL)Acephate 50% +Imidacloprid 1.8% SP
Merger(Indofil)Tricyclazole 18%+ Mancozeb 62% WP
NATIVO (Bayer)Tebuconazole 50% + Trifloxystrobin 25% WG 
Plethora(M'Agan)Indoxacarb 14.5%+ Novaluron 5.2% SC
Polytrin(Syngenta)Profenofos 40%+ Cyeprmethrin 4%EC
Quintal(Bayer)Iprodione 25%+ Carbendazim 25%WP
Ridomil MZ(Syngenta)Metalaxyl 8%+ Mancozeb 64% WP
Saaf(UPL)Carbendazim 12% + Mancozeb 63%WP
Sectin(Bayer)
Spark(Bayer)
Fenamidone 10% + Mancozeb 50% WG
Deltamethrin 1%+ Triazophos 35%E
Spectrum-D(Dhanuka)Ethion-40%+ Cypermethrin 5%EC
Spot(JAI SHREE RAS.)Chlorpyriphos 16%+ Alphamethrin 1% EC
Sumiprempt(Sumitomo)Pyriproxifen 5%EC + Fenpropathrin 15%EC
Taqat(Tata Rallis)Captan 70%+ Hexaconazole 5% WP
Toofan(HPM Chemicals)Chlorpyriphos 16%+ Alphacypermethrin 1% EC
Tusker(Crystal)Deltamethrin 0.72%+ Buprofezin 5.65%EC

Examples of some more combinations pesticides to come are Metalaxyl –M 3.3% + Chlorothalonil 33.1% SC(Syngenta),Azoxystrobin 11% + Tebuconazole 18.3% SC(Makhteshim Agan).Companies like Coromandel International Ltd., Tagros India Limited, Chennai, Dhanuka Pesticide Limited, Gurgaon, Hyderabad Chemical Products Limited, Hyderabad, Meghmani Organics Ltd., Ahmedabad, Atul Ltd., Valsad, Mitsu Ltd, Vapi, Hermaba Industries Ltd., Shogun Organics Ltd., Mumbai, United Chemicals, Hyderabad, Sabero Organics Gujarat Ltd, Excel Crop Care Ltd., Mumbai, PI Industries Limited, Gurgaon, Shogun Organics Ltd., Mumbai, Nagarjuna Agrichem, Hyderabad, Salvi Chemical Industries, Mumbai, Rallis India, Bengaluru, Crop Health Product Ltd, New Delhi, Artee Graphite Pvt Limited, Faridabad, Sharda Worldwide Exports Pvt Ltd, Cheminova India Ltd., Mumbai, India Pesticide Ltd, Lucknow, Gharda Chemicals Ltd., Mumbai, Astec Chemicals Pvt Limited, Mumbai, Krishi Rasayan Pvt. Ltd. ,Sudarshan Chemical Industries Limited, Pune, United Chemicals, Hyderabad, Insecticide India Ltd, Delhi, Bharat Rasayan Ltd, New Delhi, Parijat Agencies, New Delhi, Hindustan Insecticides Ltd, New Delhi, Crystal phosphates Ltd., Punjab Chemicals and Crop protection Ltd. , Mumbai are major indigenous manufacturers of Insecticides in India.

ORGANIC or CHEMICAL source is a matter of choice !!!!


FARMERS are eagerly waiting for the day when they r not forced to buy any brand -Let's pray for the day to come soon, when our humble farmers are able to buy goods brands of Seeds,Fertilizers,Pesticides,Growth Promoters,Hormones,Enzymes and other such inputs at their own choice on their own judgement at ONE SHOP ........ON CREDIT ............ at best Market Operating Price..........above all he gets profitable results 
a









It has been found that COST of 1kg of Wheat produced by farmers is approximately between Rs.15-16/kg.The Minimum Support Price (MSP) of wheat crop of 2013-14 season to be marketed in 2014-15 has been fixed at Rs. 1400 per quintal .i.e. farmer may get revenue of Rs.14/kg.When people go to purchase Wheat,they may have to spend between Rs.25-28/kg.


Moving one step ahead,wheat FLOUR i.e.ATTA aata is available in retail markets at a price of Rs.35-38/kg and that too of reputed brands like Aashirwad,Shaktibhog,Annapurna and Pillsbury.So,if a farmer really wants to get maximum return on investment,he may have his own attta chakki for processing wheat to make flour,and then retail the same at a price of Rs.35-40/kg ATTA.Apart from this by adding a VALUABLE word ORGANIC he may sell wheat flour upto the price of Rs.97/kg.

Pusa Gautami (HD 3086), HD 2967,HD 2733,HD 2687 (Shresth),HD 2888 (Pusa Wheat 107),HD 2932 (Pusa Wheat 111),HD 3043, HD 7882 (Vidisha),HD 2864 (Urja),HD 2985 (Pusa Basant),HD 2189, rainfed varieties KUNDAN 1532,HD 2987 (Pusa Bahar),HD 3016,HD 3070 and durum WHEAT variety HD 4713 (Pusa Wheat – 110) are some good varieties to name.HD 2643 is preferred for good chapatis.



WR 544 (Pusa Gold) has high level of resistance to leaf and stem rusts

                                                                                                                                        

ENQUIRY regarding seeds WHEAT - gehun- KANAK may be made to following traders -

1. Surinder Pal Singh Khangura, 5 G, Sarabha Nagar,Opp. PAU-Punjab Agricultural University - Gate No. 2,Ferozepur Road,Ludhiana,Phone 0161-5083707;2450773;2453708 Mob-09417003707;Ever Grow Karnal Agro Farm -09896583762
2. Garg Seed Corporation, SCO Number 7G, Opposite PAU Gate No 2, Ferozepur Road, Ludhiana, Phone 0161-2451220; Mob-09417251220;09417251220;Super Gold Karnal Seed Farm – 09671152838;09896583695

3.Prabhat Seed Traders 4950, Ind., Area, Sector2, Kurukshetra, ,Phone 01744-292684;231684; Mob-09416002684
  
4.KAMBOJ EXPORT, Bajaj Market Indri, Karnal,Phone-0184-2270938

WHEAT - Kanak - GEHUN- Which variety are u planning for Golden Harvest this year -HD-2967 .........aap kaun see KISM variety SOW karenge,HD-2967,WH-711, UP-2328, MP-1202 Wheat - KANAK- Gehun - BEEJ laga diya na after SEED treatment.



























HD-2967 has yield potential of 21-22 Qtl/Acre (approx.upto 4 Qtl/Bigha). SEED treatment with products like Tebuconazole (e.g.Raxil,Bayer) and Clorpyriphos (e.g.Lethal,Insecticide India) helps to reduce losses due to insects like termite and diseases like smuts.





WHEAT Herbicides for common weed management



1.Clodinafop-Propargyl 15 WP (e.g.Topik,SYNGENTA;Levana,FMC;Jhatka,UPL;Avtar,CRYSTAL,Point;NAGARJUNA,Sartaj,TATA Rallis;Moolah,CHEMTURA;Chopper,PONT;Clodinox,JUBILANT;Visa,CHAMBAL;Arjun,JRPL) for management of Gulli Danda(Phalaris) weed in wheat crop 

2.Sulfosulfuron 75 WG 
(e.g.Leader,Sumitomo;SF-10,UPL;Fateh,TATA Rallis,Kaiser,IIL;Nishan,CRYSTAL;Vita,CHAMBAL) for management of Gulli Danda(Phalaris) and broad leaf weeds like Bathu(Amaranthus),Kandiali Palak

3.Metsulfuron Methyl 20 % WP 
(e.g.Algrip,Du Pont)-Bathu,Dokanni,Kandiali Palak,Maina,Billi Buti,Rari

4.Sulfosulfuron 75%+ Metsulfuron Methyl 5% WG
(e.g.Brackett,Du Pont and Total,UPL)- Gulli Danda,Jangli Palak,Bathu,Kandiali Palak,Billi Buti,Maina

5.Mesosulfuron-methyl 3%+Iodosulfuron-methyl-sodium 0.6% WG -(e.g.Atlantis,Bayer)- Gulli Danda,Maina,Bathu,Kandiali Palak,Jangli Palak,Billi Buti,Dokanni,Pitpapra

6.Pinoxaden - e.g.AXIAL(Syngenta) for managing Wild Oats, Phalaris and Annual Ryegrass
























Wheat KANAK gehun REAPER harvesting Implement may cost between Rs.60000-70000 depending upon brand and it's average per day,per acre capacity



Mustard/Sarson Pusa Agrani (SEJ-2),Pusa Bold,Pusa Mustard 21 (LES-127),Pusa Mustard 25 (NPJ-112),Pusa Mustard 26 (NPJ-113),Pusa Mustard 27 (EJ-17),Pusa Mustard 28 (NPJ-124),Pusa Mustard 29,Pusa Mustard 30 and RAI-karan rai-Pusa Swarnim (IGC-01) a.re some popular varieties.

Mustard 28 can be sown in early Oct month,SEED yield between 7.5-8 Qtl/Acre 1.5 Quintal/Bigha in 107 days.SARSON/raaee Desi,African Sarson,Gobhi Sarson,Toria yaa Raya Sarson.....kaun see lagate hain aap




























Pusa Mustard-28,Pusa Mustard- 26 and Pusa Mustard-21 can be chosen for Early,Late and Timely Sowing,respectively.Farmers can purchase Seeds for sowing between price range of Rs.60-65/kg from govt
agencies.
















 


















Other options are African Sarson(PC 50;Gobhi Sarson(Hyola PAC 401;GSC-5); Toria (TL 17 upto 5 Qtl/Acre in just 90 days) ;Raya Sarson (RLC-1);45S42 PIONEER Du Pont MUSTARD

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